• diagnosis;
  • electroretinogram;
  • glaucoma;
  • inner retina;
  • multifocal electroretinogram

Glaucoma is one of the most important eye diseases resulting in blindness worldwide. It affects the inner retina and is without signs and symptoms in the early stages, making early detection of glaucoma important for eye care professionals. Electroretinography (ERG) is an objective technique used to measure retinal electrical responses, which directly reflect retinal function. The multifocal electroretinogram (mfERG) is a relatively new tool in this area. Various modifications of the mfERG stimulation paradigms such as fast flicker, low contrast, slow sequence, global flash and luminance-modulation have been developed in recent years. Using these techniques and a better understanding of the mfERG characteristics has resulted in greater effectiveness of the mfERG in the diagnosis of glaucoma. It is likely that sensitive clinical mfERG measurement protocols for early detection of glaucomatous damage will be possible in the near future.