Effects of organic acids on growth and phosphorus utilization in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss


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ABSTRACT:  An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of various organic acid (OA) supplementation on phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) retention by rainbow trout fed low fishmeal-based diets. Six experimental diets were formulated, and diet 0.5P was arranged as a positive control diet with 0.5% calcium phosphate and 0P as a negative control without additional P. Diets CA and LA were supplemented with 1% citric (CA), and lactic (LA) acids, respectively, and diets MHA and LTE were supplemented with 1% methionine hydroxy analog (MHA) and 1% liquid trace elements (LTE), respectively. Fish fed CA and LTE showed similar growth to that of the positive control diet. P retention was lowest in the 0.5P group and was elevated with CA and LTE diets. Therefore, in this study it is suggested that it might not be necessary to supplement the low fishmeal-based diet of rainbow trout with P if certain organic acids such as CA are added.