Inhibitory effects of edible marine algae extracts on degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells and mouse eosinophils

Authors


*Tel: 81-45-788-7664.
Fax: 81-45-788-5001. Email: kimiya@affrc.go.jp

ABSTRACT

Inhibitory effects on degranulation of rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) cells and mouse eosinophils by marine algae extracts were examined. More than 50% of the degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells was inhibited by water extracts of Ecklonia cava and Chrysymenia wrightii at a concentration of 100 μg/mL. More than 50% of the degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells was inhibited by methanol extracts of Petalonia binghamiae, Scytosiphon lomentaria, Undaria pinnatifida, Porphyra dentata, Codium fragile and Ulva japonica at a concentration of 200 μg/mL. Most inhibitory substances in the methanol extracts were partitioned into ethyl acetate and hexane layers. The ethyl acetate-partitioned layer of methanol extract of Petalonia binghamiae had higher inhibitory effects than the hexane-partitioned layer on the degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells. By contrast, the hexane-partitioned layer of the same extract had a higher inhibitory effect than the ethyl acetate-partitioned layer on the degranulation of mouse eosinophils. The ethyl acetate-partitioned layer of methanol extract of Petalonia binghamiae was further separated into eight fractions by silica gel column chromatography. Most inhibited the degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells, but not that of mouse eosinophils significantly. These results suggest methanol extract of Petalonia binghamiae contains materials that inhibit the degranulation of basophils and eosinophils differentially.

Ancillary