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Body mass index and acetabular component position in total hip arthroplasty

Authors


  • A. McBride BPhty, MBBS; J. Flynn BMedSci, MBBS; G. Miller BMedSci, MBBS; M. Barnes MBBS; S. Mackie MBBS, FRACS.
  • Interim results of this study were presented at the Australian Orthopaedic Association Queensland Branch Annual Scientific Meeting May 2010.

Correspondence

Dr Andrew McBride, Department of Orthopaedics, Royal Hobart Hospital, 48 Liverpool Street, Hobart, TAS 7000. Email: amcb25@yahoo.com.au

Abstract

Introduction

Correct acetabular component positioning during total hip arthroplasty affects the restoration of normal biomechanics, component wear and failure rates. This study examined whether a patient's body mass index (BMI) affects the accuracy of acetabular component placement in terms of the post-operative abduction angle.

Methods

This was a retrospective review of 102 total hip arthroplasties performed from May 2009 in a single institution. The acetabular abduction angle was measured on the post-operative radiographs of the included patients. Statistical analysis of variance and t-tests were performed using Microsoft Excel to compare the mean abduction angles of patients grouped according to their BMI.

Results

Comparison of the mean abduction angle between those with BMI < 25 and BMI > 25 showed a statistically significant difference (P = 0.003). Analysis of variance between all BMI groups was statistically significant (P = 0.01). Patients in the lowest centile of abduction angle had an average BMI of 28. Patients in the highest centile of abduction angle had an average BMI of 33.

Discussion

This study shows that patients with a normal BMI tend to have smaller abduction angles. Overweight or obese patients, on average, have a normal abduction angle but are more likely to have an ‘open cup’. A number of factors unique to obese and overweight patient may contribute to an ‘open cup’ and less accurate cup placement.

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