• 1
    Palmes D, Rottgermann S, Classen C, Haier J, Horstmann R. Randomized clinical trial of the influence of intraperitoneal local anaesthesia on pain after laparoscopic surgery. Br. J. Surg. 2007; 94: 824832.
  • 2
    Maestroni U, Sortini D, Devito C et al. A new method of preemptive analgesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surg. Endosc. 2002; 16: 13361340.
  • 3
    Ekstein P, Szold A, Sagie B, Werbin N, Klausner JM, Weinbroum AA. Laparoscopic surgery may be associated with severe pain and high analgesia requirements in the immediate postoperative period. Ann. Surg. 2006; 243: 4146.
  • 4
    Boddy AP, Mehta S, Rhodes M. The effect of intraperitoneal local anesthesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Int. Anesth. Res. Soc. 2006; 103: 682688.
  • 5
    Møiniche S, Mikkelsen S, Wetterslev J, Dahl JB. A qualitative systematic review of incisional local anesthesia for postoperative pain relief after abdominal operations. Br. J. Anaesth. 1998; 81: 377383.
  • 6
    Arac AM, Özdemir Aktan A, Baykan N et al. The effect and timing of local anesthesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Surg. Laparosc. Endosc. 1996; 6: 362366.
  • 7
    Mraovic B, Jurisic T, Kogler V, Sustic A. Intraperitoneal bupivacaine for analgesia after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Acta Anaesth. Scand. 1997; 4: 3841.
  • 8
    Proske JM, Zieren J, Müller JM. Transverse versus midline incision for upper abdominal surgery. Surg. Today 2005; 35: 117121.
  • 9
    Rademaker BMP, Kalkman CJ, Odoom JA et al. Intraperitoneal local anaesthetics after laparoscopic cholecystectomy: effects on postoperative pain, metabolic responses and lung function. Br. J. Anaesth. 1994; 72: 263266.