Current address: Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, Qld and ‡ANU Medical School and ACT Pathology, Canberra, ACT, Australia
Patient-focused outcomes following detection in a hospital-based screening programme for C282Y haemochromatosis
Article first published online: 17 FEB 2008
© 2008 The Authors Journal compilation © 2008 Royal Australasian College of Physicians
Internal Medicine Journal
Volume 38, Issue 8, pages 651–656, August 2008
How to Cite
McCullen, M. A., Fletcher, L. M., Dimeski, G., Pink, A., Powell, L. W., Crawford, D. H. G. and Hickman, P. E. (2008), Patient-focused outcomes following detection in a hospital-based screening programme for C282Y haemochromatosis. Internal Medicine Journal, 38: 651–656. doi: 10.1111/j.1445-5994.2007.01578.x
- Issue published online: 3 SEP 2008
- Article first published online: 17 FEB 2008
- Received 10 May 2007; accepted 18 September 2007.
- iron overload;
- population screening
Background: Haemochromatosis is a common genetic disease in populations of a northern European origin. However, there is uncertainty as to whether it is a condition that should be screened for.
Aims: To determine the proportion of persons, in a public hospital setting, who were homozygous for the C282Y mutation for hereditary haemochromatosis and the proportion of these persons who would benefit from therapeutic phlebotomy.
Methods: All persons who had blood submitted for pathology testing, had total iron-binding capacity and iron measured and transferrin saturation calculated, and where this result exceeded 40%, genotyping for the C282Y mutation was carried out.
Results: Of 18 779 patients screened, 887 (5.4%) were found to have transferrin saturation greater than 40%. Thirty-five of these were homozygous for the C282Y mutation. Fourteen were previously known to be affected and six of these were non-compliant with venesection. Venesection was commenced in 5 of the 21 newly diagnosed subjects.
Conclusions: The proportion of detected subjects who commenced venesection was significant. Results suggest that clinical penetrance is higher in Australia than other countries and that even in the environment of a large tertiary teaching hospital, phenotypic screening identifies cases of hereditary haemochromatosis, which are likely to benefit from treatment.