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Keywords:

  • stroke;
  • rehabilitation;
  • discharge stability;
  • function

Abstract

Background: Stroke units save lives, reduce disability and increase the chances of the person returning to their own home. Following the introduction of a stroke rehabilitation unit, we assessed the durability of stroke discharges over a 1-year period and predictors of early ‘failed’ home discharges. Stability of discharge domicile and survival over 5 years was also reviewed.

Methods: A 6-month cohort of all discharges was followed for 5 years. Changes in domicile, including entry into institutional care, were recorded out to 5 years or until death. Predictors of early (3 months) and later (1 year) discharge stability were assessed.

Results: There were 142 discharges. Fifty-eight (76%) of those who returned home were still at home 12 months later. In contrast, there was a high mortality of dependent patients who were discharged to high dependency care (9 (29%) and 13 (42%) at 3 and 12 months, respectively). The chance of an early failed discharge was associated with lower functional ability on discharge (P= 0.012). Lower function on discharge was also independently associated with death in the next 12 months (P < 0.0001). At 5 years the mortality for the whole sample was 55% (78 of 141) and 38 (61%) of the survivors still lived in the community whereas 24 (39%) resided in institutional care.

Conclusion: Functional ability on discharge is a key predictor of ability to remain at home as well as survival and therefore every effort should be made to maximize function.