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Cochrane Reviews of non-medication-based psychotherapeutic and other interventions for schizophrenia, psychosis, and bipolar disorder: A systematic literature review


  • Xenia Tricia Jung, BA (App Sc) (HIM), BA (Nursing), Grad Cert (Community Health and Development).

  • Richard Newton, MB ChB, MRCPsych, FRANZCP.

  • Contribution: Xenia Jung 80%, A/Prof Richard Newton 20%

Xenia Jung, Peninsula Health Psychiatric Services, PO Box 52, Frankston, Vic. 3199, Australia. Email:


Mental health-care professionals are striving to keep up to date with health interventions that are effective and beneficial to patients. The Cochrane Reviews make available a systematic and up-to-date review of a comprehensive range of health interventions. We identified a total of 28 interventions from a systematic search and review of the Cochrane Reviews for either schizophrenia, psychosis, schizoaffective, or bipolar disorder. These interventions have been graded into tables of: strong support that merits application, moderate support that warrants consideration of application, not supported, and data that is deemed inconclusive. The tables provide a comprehensive summary and classification of evidence-based practices. This information is presented in a way to enable nurses and other health-care professionals to analyze their own practices to improve mental health services and outcomes for patients. Of the 28 interventions identified in this review, four had strong support and five had moderate support meriting application. Limitations of this review are discussed.