Moon Fai Chan, PhD, CStat.
Effect of music on depression levels and physiological responses in community-based older adults
Version of Record online: 2 JUL 2009
© 2009 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Australian College of Mental Health Nurses Inc.
International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Volume 18, Issue 4, pages 285–294, August 2009
How to Cite
Chan, M. F., Chan, E. A., Mok, E. and Kwan Tse, F. Y. (2009), Effect of music on depression levels and physiological responses in community-based older adults. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 18: 285–294. doi: 10.1111/j.1447-0349.2009.00614.x
Engle Angela Chan, PhD, RN.
Esther Mok, PhD, RN.
Fionca Yuk Kwan Tse, MSc, RN.
- Issue online: 2 JUL 2009
- Version of Record online: 2 JUL 2009
- Accepted March 2009.
- elderly patient;
- music intervention
Many people over the age of 65 do not regard depression as a treatable mental disorder and find it difficult to express themselves verbally. Listening to music can facilitate the non-verbal expression of emotion and allow people's inner feelings to be expressed without being threatened. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of music on depression levels in elderly people. A randomized controlled study was conducted with 47 elderly people (23 using music and 24 controls) who completed the study after being recruited in Hong Kong. Blood pressure, heart rate (HR), respiratory rate (RR), and depression level variables were collected. In the music group, there were statistically-significant decreases in depression scores (P < 0.001) and blood pressure (P = 0.001), HR (P < 0.001), and RR (P < 0.001) after 1 month. The implication is that nurses may utilize music as an effective nursing intervention for patients with depressive symptoms in the community setting.