Abir K. Bekhet, PhD, RN, HSMI.
Effects of positive cognitions and resourcefulness on caregiver burden among caregivers of persons with dementia
Article first published online: 25 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Author; International Journal of Mental Health Nursing © 2012 Australian College of Mental Health Nurses Inc.
International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Volume 22, Issue 4, pages 340–346, August 2013
How to Cite
Bekhet, A. K. (2013), Effects of positive cognitions and resourcefulness on caregiver burden among caregivers of persons with dementia. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 22: 340–346. doi: 10.1111/j.1447-0349.2012.00877.x
- Issue published online: 13 JUN 2013
- Article first published online: 25 SEP 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: AUG 2012
- Regular Research Grant Award from Marquette University
- positive cognitions;
Currently, 5.4 million persons in the USA are diagnosed with dementia, and this number is projected to rise to 7.7 million by the year 2030. Family caregivers provide up to 80% of the care needed by persons with dementia and published work suggests that caring for persons with dementia can be very costly to caregivers' health. This study examined the mediating and the moderating effects of positive cognitions on the relationship between caregiver burden and resourcefulness in 80 caregivers of persons with dementia. A descriptive, correlational, and cross-sectional design was used in this study. The researcher contacted the administrators at the Alzheimer's Association early stage programs in Southeastern Wisconsin and questionnaires were distributed to interested caregivers. Positive cognitions explained 31% of the variance in resourcefulness (F (1, 78) = 35.46, P < 0.001) and as positive cognitions increased, caregivers' resourcefulness increased. Positive cognitions were found to be a mediator as evidenced by a substantial drop in the beta weight of caregiver burden from B = −0.28 to B = −0.11 when positive cognitions were entered into the equation. Interventions to strengthen positive thinking among caregivers of persons with dementia are needed to help caregivers overcome their burden.