Family relationships of self-care-dependent older people and institutionalized rate to nursing homes
Article first published online: 31 MAY 2009
© 2009 Japan Geriatrics Society
Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Volume 9, Issue 3, pages 320–325, September 2009
How to Cite
Kodama, H., Izumo, Y., Takahashi, R., Suda, Y., Kudo, H., Kudo, H., Miyamoto, M. and Sasaki, H. (2009), Family relationships of self-care-dependent older people and institutionalized rate to nursing homes. Geriatrics & Gerontology International, 9: 320–325. doi: 10.1111/j.1447-0594.2009.00536.x
- Issue published online: 17 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 31 MAY 2009
- Accepted for publication 2 April 2009.
- family relationships;
- nursing homes;
- primary caregiver;
- self-care-dependent older people
Background: The government recommends home care for self-care-dependent older people in order to suppress care expenditure. Family relationships between primary caregivers and self-care-dependent older people might be one of the factors influencing the institutionalized rate.
Method: We investigated family relationships between primary caregivers and self-care-dependent older people at home in the rural town of Oodate, Akita Prefecture, and the urban district of Katsushika, Tokyo, in 2003. One thousand and thirty-six primary caregivers completed the questionnaire and entered the present study. Two years later, we prospectively followed how the family relationship between them influenced the institutionalized rate in 2005. Finally, 556 primary caregivers completed the questionnaire in 2005.
Results: The institutionalized rate of subjects with poor family relationships (31%) was significantly higher than that of subjects with good family relationships (12%).
Conclusion: Good or poor family relationships were significantly related to psychological strains and might determine the institutionalized rate in nursing homes.