Bacterial Vaginosis in Early Pregnancy and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome
Article first published online: 24 MAY 2010
2001 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Volume 27, Issue 4, pages 175–181, August 2001
How to Cite
Purwar, M., Ughade, S., Bhagat, B., Agarwal, V. and Kulkarni, H. (2001), Bacterial Vaginosis in Early Pregnancy and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 27: 175–181. doi: 10.1111/j.1447-0756.2001.tb01248.x
- Issue published online: 24 MAY 2010
- Article first published online: 24 MAY 2010
- Oct. 2, 2000; July 6, 2001
- bacterial vaginosis;
- preterm birth;
- premature rupture of membranes;
Objective: to assess the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis (BV) in asymptomatic pregnant women and its association with preterm birth (PTB) and premature rupture of membranes (PROM).
Methods: In a cohort study 1,006 pregnant women between 16–28 weeks' gestation were screened for BV (Nugent's criteria) and for lower genital tract infection. Women were followed to confirm pregnancy outcome. Data were analyzed using STATA software. Univeriate and multivariate methods were used to investigate the association between bacterial vaginosis and adverse pregnancy outcome.
Results: Prevalence of BV was 11.53%. Baseline characteristics were similar for both groups, 6.8% women were lost to follow-up. Incidence of PTB was higher in BV positive women compared to BV negative women (p = 0.001). On multiple logistic regression (MLR), BV was associated with an increasd risk of PTB (p = 0.001) and PROM (p = 0.001), other correlates being previous PTB (p = 0.003) and the presence of enteropharynangeal organisms in vagina (p = 0.03). BV accounted for 82.53% of the attributable risk for PTB.
Conclusion: Presence of BV in early pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of PTB and PROM. Multicentric interventional study is recommended.