Rectus abdominis muscle endometriosis: Case report and review of the literature
Article first published online: 12 JUL 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Volume 36, Issue 4, pages 902–906, August 2010
How to Cite
Giannella, L., La Marca, A., Ternelli, G. and Menozzi, G. (2010), Rectus abdominis muscle endometriosis: Case report and review of the literature. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, 36: 902–906. doi: 10.1111/j.1447-0756.2010.01236.x
- Issue published online: 21 JUL 2010
- Article first published online: 12 JUL 2010
- Received: June 15 2009.Accepted: September 29 2009.
- abdominal wall;
- rectus abdominis muscle;
The abdominal wall is an uncommon site of extrapelvic endometriosis, which usually develops in a previous surgical scar and it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any abdominal swelling. Endometriosis involving the rectus abdominis muscle is a very rare event and its rarity explains the incomplete nature of the reports in the literature. Up to the present, 18 cases with lesions contained entirely within the rectus abdominis muscle were clearly documented in medical literature with only four cases as a primary location. We report a case, which came to our observation, of primary endometriosis of the rectus abdominis muscle. The patient underwent only surgery without any medical treatment. Currently, the patient is in follow up for four years with no recovery of the disease. In our experience, surgery is the treatment of choice and it is decisive. We reviewed the literature and summarized all reported cases.