Long-term survival in patients with clear cell adenocarcinoma of ovary treated with irinotecan hydrochloride plus cisplatin therapy as first-line chemotherapy

Authors


Dr Satoshi Takakura, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8 Nishi-shinbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-8461, Japan. Email: stakakur@jikei.ac.jp

Abstract

Aim:  Several previous reports showed that irinotecan hydrochloride plus cisplatin (CPT-P) was a candidate first-line chemotherapy regimen for clear cell adenocarcinoma of the ovary (CCC). However, long-term survival in CCC patients treated with CPT-P as first-line chemotherapy remains to be determined. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term results of CPT-P as first-line chemotherapy for CCC.

Material and Methods:  We performed a retrospective review of 31 patients with CCC who were treated with CPT-P between 1996 and 2004.

Results:  The median follow-up period was 91 months. The estimated 8-year overall survival (OS) rate in all patients was 64.5%, while the rate in 18 stage I, 21 stage I/II, and 10 stage III/IV patients was 88.9%, 85.7%, and 20.0%, respectively. The estimated 8-year OS rate in patients with pT1/pT2 disease was 87.0%, while the 3-year OS rate in patients with pT3 disease was 0%. Univariate analysis using the log–rank test revealed that Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance-status 1, pT3 stage, and presence of residual disease (stage II-IV) were significantly correlated with shortened patient survival. Multiple regression analysis revealed that pT3 predicted worse OS in patients with CCC than pT1 (P < 0.001) or pT2 disease (P < 0.005).

Conclusion:  The long-term results suggest CPT-P as a candidate in first-line chemotherapy for CCC in not only stage I, but also in optimally debulked stage II-IV patients with pT1/pT2 disease.

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