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Successful pregnancy after the treatment of primary amenorrhea in a patient with non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Authors


Dr Haruhiko Kanasaki, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shimane University School of Medicine, 89-1 Enya Cho, Izumo, Shimane 693-8501, Japan. Email: kanasaki@med.shimane-u.ac.jp

Abstract

We describe a case of non-classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (NCCAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency in a 30-year-old Japanese woman who achieved pregnancy after treatment of primary amenorrhea. Hirsutism and clitoromegaly were present. Ultrasound examination showed polycystic appearance of the ovary. Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) test resulted in exaggerated LH response, showing a polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) pattern. The diagnosis was based on the elevated intial levels of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (55 ng/mL) and dihydroepiandosterone (7780 ng/mL). The first withdrawal bleeding occurred within 6 weeks after treatment with hydrocortisone (20 mg/day) combined with conjugated estrogens (1.25 mg/day) and medroxyprogesterone acetate (10 mg/day), which were continued for five courses. The bleeding remained cyclic every 28 days with maintenance doses of hydrocortisone. Subsequently, ovulation was induced using clomiphene citrate (100 mg/day). Pregnancy was achieved at the second attempt of ovulation induction and was within 10 months after initial presentation. Continuing hydrocortisone, the patient delivered a healthy baby at term.

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