Aim: Platinum is a milestone drug against gynecologic malignancies. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the feasibility of replacing carboplatin with nedaplatin in patients who had developed a hypersensitivity reaction to carboplatin.
Material and Methods: Fifteen patients with recurrent gynecologic cancer (12 ovarian, 1 fallopian tube, 1 endometrial and 1 cervical cancer) who had experienced a hypersensitivity reaction to carboplatin and a possible clinical indication for continuing treatment with platinum were treated with nedaplatin (80 mg/m2)-containing regimen.
Results: The total number of nedaplatin cycles given was 137 (range 1–29). Four (27%) patients developed hypersensitivity reactions on the second, second, fourth, and ninth administration, respectively. The severities of all the hypersensitivity reactions were grade 3 or less. The other 11 patients (73%) had no nedaplatin-associated hypersensitivity reactions. The incidence of hypersensitivity reactions in the paclitaxel and nedaplatin group (three of four, 75%) was more frequent than the docetaxel and nedaplatin group (none of seven, P = 0.024). The objective response rate in eleven patients with measurable disease was 36% (complete response at 9% and partial response at 27%), and the disease control rate was 73% (stable disease at 36%).
Conclusion: Nedaplatin-associated hypersensitivity reactions are not rare in patients who developed allergic reactions to carboplatin. Retreatment of carboplatin-allergic patients with nedaplatin cannot be recommended without careful consideration of the potential risks and benefits.