This article is based on a much longer paper published in German in Ernst Forsthoff and Reinhard Horstel (Eds.) Standorte im Zeitstrom: Festschrift fur Arnold Gehlen. Zum 70. Geburtstag am 29.1.1974. Frankfurt am Main: Athenaum, 1974. The longer version documents in detail (33 tables) the results of surveys conducted to test the propositions contained in the five hypotheses presented in this article. The propositions are confirmed or refuted, or they are tentatively supported by the data, or they await further testing. Research is being continued. A complete English translation of the paper is available to interested scholars upon request.
The Spiral of Silence A Theory of Public Opinion
Article first published online: 7 FEB 2006
Journal of Communication
Volume 24, Issue 2, pages 43–51, June 1974
How to Cite
Noelle-Neumann, E. (1974), The Spiral of Silence A Theory of Public Opinion. Journal of Communication, 24: 43–51. doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.1974.tb00367.x
- Issue published online: 7 FEB 2006
- Article first published online: 7 FEB 2006
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