Experimental data have been generated and finite element models developed to examine the low cycle fatigue (LCF) life of a 9Cr (FB2) steel. A novel approach, employing a local ductile damage initiation and failure model, using the hysteresis total stress–strain energy concept combined with element removal, has been employed to predict the failure in the experimental tests. The 9Cr steel was found to exhibit both cyclic softening and nonlinear kinematic hardening behaviour. The finite element analysis of the material's cyclic loading was based on a nonlinear kinematic hardening criterion using the Chaboche constitutive equations. The models’ parameters were calibrated using the experimental test data available. The cyclic softening model in conjunction with the progressive damage evolution model successfully predicted the deformation behaviour and failure times of the experimental tests for the 9Cr steels performed.