Horizontal cells of the macaque monkey retina were quantified and the number of cones converging onto an individual horizontal cell as well as the number of horizontal cells contacting a single cone were determined. This was done by combining data from individual horizontal cells stained by the Golgi method with the results of immunocytochemical staining described in the preceding paper (Röhrenbeck et al., 1989).
The observation (Boycott et al., 1987) that all horizontal cells contact all cones in their dendritic field irrespective of cone type was confirmed. The particular cones contacted by the terminal aggregates of each horizontal cell were found. The dendritic fields of H1 and H2 cells increase with increasing eccentricity; close to the fovea H1 cells are smaller than H2 cells, at 6 mm eccentricity they are about the same size and in peripheral retina H1 cells are much larger than H2 cells. The density gradients of the two cell types balance their denritic field changes so that throughout the retina each and every cone synapses with 3–5 horizontal cells of each type. Horizontal cells of both cat (Wässle et al., 1978) and monkey retina follow the general rule that all cones in the dendritic fields are contacted, their perikarya form a regular mosaic and the boundaries of their dendritic fields are marked by the perikarya of their homologous neighbours.