Facilitation and Delay Sensitivity of Auditory Cortex Neurons in CF-FM Bats, Rhinolophus rouxi and Pteronotus p.parnellii

Authors


Dr G. Schuller, as above

Abstract

Responses of auditory neurons to complex stimuli were recorded in the dorsal belt region of the auditory cortex of two taxonomically unrelated bat species, Rhinolophus rouxi and Pteronotus parnellii parnellii, both showing Doppler shift compensation behaviour. As in P.p.parnellii (Suga et al., J. Neurophysiol, 49, 1573–1626, 1983), cortical neurons of R. rouxi show facilitated responses to pairs of pure tones or frequency modulations. Best frequencies for the two components lie near the first and second harmonic of the echolocation call but are in most cases not harmonically related. Neurons facilitated by pairs of pure tones show little dependence on the delay between the stimuli, whereas pairs of frequency modulations evoke best facilitated responses at distinct best delays between 1 and 10 ms. Facilitated neurons are found in distinct portions of the dorsal cortical belt region, with a segregation of facilitated neurons responding to pure tones and to frequency modulations. Non-facilitated neurons are found throughout the field. Neurons are topographically aligned with increasing best delays along a rostrocaudal axis. The best delays between 2 and 4 ms are largely overrepresented numerically, and occupy ˜56% of the cortical area containing facilitated neurons. A functional interpretation of the large overrepresentation of best delays ˜3ms is proposed. Facilitated neurons are located almost entirely within layer V of the dorsal field.

Ancillary