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Keywords:

  • carbachol;
  • dopamine;
  • dye-coupling;
  • spikelets;
  • whole-cell

Abstract

Increasing experimental evidence indicates that gap junctions can be modulated by neurotransmitters, in particular dopamine. To examine possible modulation of gap junctional communication in the rat hippocampus by neurotransmitters, we studied dye coupling and electrotonic transmission in the CAI area in the presence of carbachol, a cholinergic agonist, and dopamine agonists. Carbachol markedly reduced dye coupling and the frequency of electrotonic potentials (spikelets). Spikelet amplitudes were decreased in the presence of carbachol. These effects were reversed by the cholinergic antagonist atropine, suggesting a muscarinic action of carbachol on gap junctional function. The non-specific dopamine agonist apomorphine, and the specific D1 receptor agonist SKF 38393, reduced dye coupling between pyramidal cells. Spikelet frequency was also decreased in the presence of dopamine agonists, but less than with carbachol. The specific D1 receptor antagonist, SCH 23390, reversed the effects of both dopamine agonists. These observations indicate that cholinergic and dopaminergic transmission can affect electrical and chemical (dye coupling) communication through gap junctions, and could therefore alter properties of neuronal assemblies, in addition to their effects on intrinsic membrane properties.