SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • glia;
  • parkin;
  • Parkinson's disease;
  • rat

Abstract

Mutations in the parkin gene give rise to a familial form of Parkinson's disease, autosomal recessive juvenile Parkinsonism (AR-JP). Although the exact mechanisms are unclear, it is thought that these ‘loss-of-function’ mutations contribute to the pathological process by interfering with parkin's E3 ubiquitin ligase activity. In order to mimic the in vivo loss-of-function, we produced tet-inducible glial cell lines that, in the presence of doxycycline, were able either to under- or to over-express the parkin protein. Using this cell-culture system, we found that the induced alteration of parkin levels in glial cell lines caused different responses compared with their un-induced counterparts under conditions of stress (staurosporine, hydrogen peroxide and dopamine). In particular, reduction in the levels of parkin within the transfected cells rendered them more susceptible to both apoptotic and necrotic cell death. Interestingly, blocking the cell death pathway with caspase inhibitors rescued the cells under-expressing parkin from only some of the stress-induced death. These findings implicate a pathogenic role of glial cells in the pathogenesis of AR-JP caused by mutations in the parkin gene.