The auditory evoked response is known to be changed by a preceding sound. In this study we investigated by means of magnetoencephalography how a preceding notch-filtered noise (NFN) with different bandwidths influences the human auditory evoked response elicited by the following test stimulus. We prepared white noise (WN) and four NFNs which were derived from WN by suppressing frequency regions around 1 kHz with 1/8-, 1/4-, 1/2- and 1-octave bandwidths. Stimulation for 3 s with this set of noises resulted in differences in responsiveness to a 1-kHz test tone presented 500 ms after the offset of the noises. The N1m response to the 1-kHz test tone stimulus was at a minimum when the preceding NFN had 1/4-octave stop-band frequencies as compared with 1/8-, 1/2- and 1-octave NFN and WN. This N1m decrement is explained by the imbalanced neural activities caused by habituation and lateral inhibition in the auditory system. The results contribute to understanding of the inhibitory system in the human auditory cortex.