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Object representation in the human auditory system

Authors

  • István Winkler,

    1. Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1394 Budapest, P.O.Box 398, Hungary
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  • Titia L. Van Zuijen,

    1. Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki Brain Research Centre, P.O.Box 9, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
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  • Elyse Sussman,

    1. Department of Neuroscience and Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1410 Pelham Parkway S, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
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  • János Horváth,

    1. Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-1394 Budapest, P.O.Box 398, Hungary
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  • Risto Näätänen

    1. Cognitive Brain Research Unit, Department of Psychology, University of Helsinki and Helsinki Brain Research Centre, P.O.Box 9, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland
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Dr István Winkler, Institute for Psychology, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O.Box 398, Szondi u 83–85, H-1394 Budapest
E-mail: iwinkler@cogpsyphy.hu

Abstract

One important principle of object processing is exclusive allocation. Any part of the sensory input, including the border between two objects, can only belong to one object at a time. We tested whether tones forming a spectro-temporal border between two sound patterns can belong to both patterns at the same time. Sequences were composed of low-, intermediate- and high-pitched tones. Tones were delivered with short onset-to-onset intervals causing the high and low tones to automatically form separate low and high sound streams. The intermediate-pitch tones could be perceived as part of either one or the other stream, but not both streams at the same time. Thus these tones formed a pitch ’border’ between the two streams. The tones were presented in a fixed, cyclically repeating order. Linking the intermediate-pitch tones with the high or the low tones resulted in the perception of two different repeating tonal patterns. Participants were instructed to maintain perception of one of the two tone patterns throughout the stimulus sequences. Occasional changes violated either the selected or the alternative tone pattern, but not both at the same time. We found that only violations of the selected pattern elicited the mismatch negativity event-related potential, indicating that only this pattern was represented in the auditory system. This result suggests that individual sounds are processed as part of only one auditory pattern at a time. Thus tones forming a spectro-temporal border are exclusively assigned to one sound object at any given time, as are spatio-temporal borders in vision.

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