In order to clarify the mechanisms underlying the changes in primary afferent neurons in trigeminal neuropathic pain, a chronic constriction nerve injury model of the infraorbital nerve (ION-CCI) was developed in rats. Mechanical allodynia was observed at 3 days after ION-CCI and lasted more than 14 days. Single-unit activities were recorded from the ION of anesthetized rats. C-, Aβ- and Aδ-units were identified on the basis of their conduction velocity. Aδ-units were frequently encountered at a later period after ION-CCI. The highest Aδ-spontaneous activity was recorded at 3 days after ION-CCI and progressively decreased after that, but spontaneous activity was still higher at 14 days after ION-CCI than that of naïve rats. Mechanical-evoked responses of Aδ-units were also highest at 3 days after ION-CCI and then gradually decreased. In consideration of these data, patch-clamp recordings were performed on medium to large size neurons of the dissociated trigeminal ganglion (TRG). Patch-clamp recordings revealed that the IK (sustained) and IA (transient) in rats with ION-CCI were significantly smaller than those of naïve rats, and correlated with an increase in duration of repolarization phase and a decrease in duration of depolarization phase, respectively. The hyperpolarization-activated current (Ih) was significantly larger in TRG neurons of rats with ION-CCI as compared with those of naïve rats. The present results suggest that Ih, IK and IA in Aδ-afferent neurons in TRG are significantly involved in the changes in afferent spontaneous activity and mechanically evoked activity that accompany mechanical allodynia produced by trigeminal nerve injury.