Most studies of peripheral nerve myelination using culture models are performed with dorsal root ganglion neurons and Schwann cells pre-purified from the rat. The potential of this model is severely compromised by the lack of rat myelin mutants and the published protocols work poorly with mouse cells, for which numerous myelin mutants are available. This is partly due to difficulties in obtaining sufficient quantities of myelination-competent mouse Schwann cells. Here, we describe the isolation, purification and expansion of wild-type, myelination-competent Schwann cells from the sciatic nerves of 4-day-old mouse pups. The method consistently yields 1.9–3.3 × 106 of ∼95% pure Schwann cells from the sciatic nerves of 12–15 4-day-old mouse pups, within 14–20 days. The Schwann cell proliferation rate ranges from 2.7- to 4.30-fold growth/week. Proliferation ceases within 4 weeks, when the cells become quiescent. Growth is reinduced by the presence of neurons; neuregulin is not sufficient for this effect. The Schwann cells isolated by this protocol are able to form compact myelin in culture, as judged by the segregated expression patterns of early (myelin-associated glycoprotein) and late (myelin basic protein) myelination markers in a three-dimensional neuron/Schwann cell coculture model. The Schwann cell batch yields are sufficient to perform 100–150 individual myelinating coculture assays. Employing mixed phenotype/genotype mouse neuron/Schwann cell cocultures, it will be possible to analyse the cell specificity of a mutation, and the cumulative effects of different mutations, without having to cross-breed the animals.