Although regional differences in cerebral volume have been revealed in developing human brains, little is known regarding the regionalization of cortical shape. This study documented the regional and quantitative shape difference of cortical surfaces for in utero normal fetal brains over a time period essential for the formation of primary cortical folding (22–33 weeks). Each brain surface with complete three-dimensional morphology was manually extracted from the reconstructed image, which combined surface information from three orthogonal magnetic resonance images in utero. An innovative parcellation was used to dissect the fetal brains into frontal, parietal, temporal and occipital lobes, and to avoid the determination of non-existent and immature sulci for young fetuses. Distinct cortical shapes were encoded by the shape index automatically. The results of this study show faster shape changes in the occipital lobe than in other regions. Both regional and global shape patterns show that the gyral surface smoothens, whereas the sulcal surface becomes more angular, with gestational age. In addition, the smoothing of gyri is related mainly to the changes in shape of gyral crowns. This study presents the regional differences in early gyrification from the novel aspect of shape. The results of shape pattern analysis for normal fetuses may act as a reference in assessments of prenatal brain pathology and in extensive comparisons between various life stages.