SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Beck, S. & Hallett, M. (2010) Surround inhibition is modulated by task difficulty. Clin. Neurophysiol., 121, 98103.
  • Beck, S. & Hallett, M. (2011) Surround inhibition in the motor system. Exp. Brain Res., 210, 165172.
  • Beck, S., Richardson, S.P., Shamim, E.A., Dang, N., Schubert, M. & Hallett, M. (2008) Short intracortical and surround inhibition are selectively reduced during movement initiation in focal hand dystonia. J. Neurosci., 28, 1036310369.
  • Beck, S., Houdayer, E., Richardson, S.P. & Hallett, M. (2009a) The role of inhibition from the left dorsal premotor cortex in right-sided focal hand dystonia. Brain Stimul., 2, 208214.
  • Beck, S., Schubert, M., Richardson, S.P. & Hallett, M. (2009b) Surround inhibition depends on the force exerted and is abnormal in focal hand dystonia. J. Appl. Physiol., 107, 15131518.
  • Beck, S., Shamim, E.A., Richardson, S.P., Schubert, M. & Hallett, M. (2009c) Inter-hemispheric inhibition is impaired in mirror dystonia. Eur. J. Neurosci., 29, 16341640.
  • Benwell, N.M., Mastaglia, F.L. & Thickbroom, G.W. (2007) Differential changes in long-interval intracortical inhibition and silent period duration during fatiguing hand exercise. Exp. Brain Res., 179, 255262.
  • Berardelli, A., Rona, S., Inghilleri, M. & Manfredi, M. (1996) Cortical inhibition in Parkinson’s disease. A study with paired magnetic stimulation. Brain, 119(Pt 1), 7177.
  • Blakemore, C., Carpenter, R.H. & Georgeson, M.A. (1970) Lateral inhibition between orientation detectors in the human visual system. Nature, 228, 3739.
  • Cantello, R., Gianelli, M., Civardi, C. & Mutani, R. (1992) Magnetic brain stimulation: the silent period after the motor evoked potential. Neurology, 42, 19511959.
  • Capaday, C. (1997) Neurophysiological methods for studies of the motor system in freely moving human subjects. J. Neurosci. Methods, 74, 201218.
  • Cash, R.F.H., Ziemann, U., Murray, K. & Thickbroom, G.W. (2010) Late cortical disinhibition in human motor cortex: a triple-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation study. J. Neurophysiol., 103, 511518.
  • Chen, R., Wassermann, E.M., Canos, M. & Hallett, M. (1997) Impaired inhibition in writer’s cramp during voluntary muscle activation. Neurology, 49, 10541059.
  • Chen, R., Lozano, A.M. & Ashby, P. (1999) Mechanism of the silent period following transcranial magnetic stimulation. Evidence from epidural recordings. Exp. Brain Res., 128, 539542.
  • Denny-Brown, D. (1967) The fundamental organization of motor behavior. In Yahr, M. & Purpura, D. (Eds), Neurophysiological Basis of Normal and Abnormal Motor Activities. Raven, New York, NY, pp. 415442.
  • Di Lazzaro, V., Oliviero, A., Pilato, F., Saturno, E., Dileone, M., Mazzone, P., Insola, A., Tonali, P.A. & Rothwell, J.C. (2004) The physiological basis of transcranial motor cortex stimulation in conscious humans. Clin. Neurophysiol., 115, 255266.
  • Farzan, F., Barr, M.S., Levinson, A.J., Chen, R., Wong, W., Fitzgerald, P.B. & Daskalakis, Z.J. (2010) Reliability of long-interval cortical inhibition in healthy human subjects: a TMS-EEG study. J. Neurophysiol., 104, 13391346.
  • Filipovic, S.R., Ljubisavljevic, M., Svetel, M., Milanovic, S., Kacar, A. & Kostic, V.S. (1997) Impairment of cortical inhibition in writer’s cramp as revealed by changes in electromyographic silent period after transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neurosci. Lett., 222, 167170.
  • Florian, J., Muller-Dahlhaus, M., Liu, Y. & Ziemann, U. (2008) Inhibitory circuits and the nature of their interactions in the human motor cortex: a pharmacological TMS study. J. Physiol., 586, 495514.
  • Fuhr, P., Agostino, R. & Hallett, M. (1991) Spinal motor neuron excitability during the silent period after cortical stimulation. Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol., 81, 257262.
  • Garvey, M.A., Ziemann, U., Becker, D.A., Barker, C.A. & Bartko, J.J. (2001) New graphical method to measure silent periods evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clin. Neurophysiol., 112, 14511460.
  • Hallett, M. (2011) Neurophysiology of dystonia: the role of inhibition. Neurobiol. Dis., 42, 177184.
  • Hallett, M. & Khoshbin, S. (1980) A physiological mechanism of bradykinesia. Brain, 103, 301314.
  • Ho, K.H., Nithi, K. & Mills, K.R. (1998) Covariation between human intrinsic hand muscles of the silent periods and compound muscle action potentials evoked by magnetic brain stimulation: evidence for common inhibitory connections. Exp. Brain Res., 122, 433440.
  • Houdayer, E., Beck, S., Karabanov, A., Poston, B. & Hallett, M. (2012) The differential modulation of the ventral premotor-motor interaction during movement initiation is deficient in patients with focal hand dystonia. Eur. J. Neurosci., 35, 478485.
  • Ikoma, K., Samii, A., Mercuri, B., Wassermann, E.M. & Hallett, M. (1996) Abnormal cortical motor excitability in dystonia. Neurology, 46, 13711376.
  • Inghilleri, M., Berardelli, A., Marchetti, P. & Manfredi, M. (1996) Effects of diazepam, baclofen and thiopental on the silent period evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation in humans. Exp. Brain Res., 109, 467472.
  • Jones, E.G. (1993) GABAergic neurons and their role in cortical plasticity in primates. Cereb. Cortex, 3, 361372.
  • Kassavetis, P., Hoffland, B.S., Saifee, T.A., Bhatia, K.P., van de Warrenburg, B.P., Rothwell, J.C. & Edwards, M.J. (2011) Cerebellar brain inhibition is decreased in active and surround muscles at the onset of voluntary movement. Exp. Brain Res., 209, 437442.
  • Keller, A. (1993) Intrinsic synaptic organization of the motor cortex. Cereb. Cortex, 3, 430441.
  • McDonnell, M.N., Orekhov, Y. & Ziemann, U. (2006) The role of GABA(B) receptors in intracortical inhibition in the human motor cortex. Exp. Brain Res., 173, 8693.
  • Mink, J.W. (1996) The basal ganglia: focused selection and inhibition of competing motor programs. Prog. Neurobiol., 50, 381425.
  • Nabet, B. & Pinter, R.B. (1991) Sensory Neural Networks: Lateral Inhibition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp. 317.
  • Nakashima, K., Wang, Y., Shimoda, M., Sakuma, K. & Takahashi, K. (1995) Shortened silent period produced by magnetic cortical stimulation in patients with Parkinson’s disease. J. Neurol. Sci., 130, 209214.
  • Orth, M. & Rothwell, J.C. (2004) The cortical silent period: intrinsic variability and relation to the waveform of the transcranial magnetic stimulation pulse. Clin. Neurophysiol., 115, 10761082.
  • Pirio Richardson, S., Bliem, B., Voller, B., Dang, N. & Hallett, M. (2009) Long-latency afferent inhibition during phasic finger movement in focal hand dystonia. Exp. Brain Res., 193, 173179.
  • Poston, B., Enoka, J.A. & Enoka, R.M. (2008a) Endpoint accuracy for a small and a large hand muscle in young and old adults during rapid, goal-directed isometric contractions. Exp. Brain Res., 187, 373385.
  • Poston, B., Enoka, J.A. & Enoka, R.M. (2008b) Practice and endpoint accuracy with the left and right hands of old adults: the right-hemisphere aging model. Muscle Nerve, 37, 376386.
  • Priori, A., Berardelli, A., Inghilleri, M., Accornero, N. & Manfredi, M. (1994a) Motor cortical inhibition and the dopaminergic system. Pharmacological changes in the silent period after transcranial brain stimulation in normal subjects, patients with Parkinson’s disease and drug-induced parkinsonism. Brain, 117(Pt 2), 317323.
  • Priori, A., Berardelli, A., Inghilleri, M., Polidori, L. & Manfredi, M. (1994b) Electromyographic silent period after transcranial brain stimulation in Huntington’s disease. Mov. Disord., 9, 178182.
  • Reis, J., Swayne, O.B., Vandermeeren, Y., Camus, M., Dimyan, M.A., Harris-Love, M., Perez, M.A., Ragert, P., Rothwell, J.C. & Cohen, L.G. (2008) Contribution of transcranial magnetic stimulation to the understanding of cortical mechanisms involved in motor control. J. Physiol., 586, 325351.
  • Richardson, S.P., Bliem, B., Lomarev, M., Shamim, E., Dang, N. & Hallett, M. (2008) Changes in short afferent inhibition during phasic movement in focal dystonia. Muscle Nerve, 37, 358363.
  • Ridding, M.C., Inzelberg, R. & Rothwell, J.C. (1995) Changes in excitability of motor cortical circuitry in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Ann. Neurol., 37, 181188.
  • Rossini, P.M., Barker, A.T., Berardelli, A., Caramia, M.D., Caruso, G., Cracco, R.Q., Dimitrijevic, M.R., Hallett, M., Katayama, Y., Lucking, C.H., Maertens de Noordhout, A.L., Marsden, C.D., Murray, N.M.F., Rothwell, J.C., Swash, M. & Tomberg, C. (1994) Non-invasive electrical and magnetic stimulation of the brain, spinal cord and roots: basic principles and procedures for routine clinical application. Report of an IFCN committee. Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol., 91, 7992.
  • Sale, M.V. & Semmler, J.G. (2005) Age-related differences in corticospinal control during functional isometric contractions in left and right hands. J. Appl. Physiol., 99, 14831493.
  • Shin, H.W., Kang, S.Y. & Sohn, Y.H. (2007) Disturbed surround inhibition in preclinical parkinsonism. Clin. Neurophysiol., 118, 21762179.
  • Shin, H.W., Sohn, Y.H. & Hallett, M. (2009) Hemispheric asymmetry of surround inhibition in the human motor system. Clin. Neurophysiol., 120, 816819.
  • Shin, H.W., Kang, S.Y., Hallett, M. & Sohn, Y.H. (2010) Extended surround inhibition in idiopathic paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia. Clin. Neurophysiol., 121, 11381141.
  • Sohn, Y.H. & Hallett, M. (2004a) Disturbed surround inhibition in focal hand dystonia. Ann. Neurol., 56, 595599.
  • Sohn, Y.H. & Hallett, M. (2004b) Surround inhibition in human motor system. Exp. Brain Res., 158, 397404.
  • Sohn, Y.H., Kang, S.Y. & Hallett, M. (2005) Corticospinal disinhibition during dual action. Exp. Brain Res., 162, 9599.
  • Taylor, J.L., Butler, J.E., Allen, G.M. & Gandevia, S.C. (1996) Changes in motor cortical excitability during human muscle fatigue. J. Physiol., 490(Pt 2), 519528.
  • Taylor, J.L., Allen, G.M., Butler, J.E. & Gandevia, S.C. (1997) Effect of contraction strength on responses in biceps brachii and adductor pollicis to transcranial magnetic stimulation. Exp. Brain Res., 117, 472478.
  • Taylor, J.L., Allen, G.M., Butler, J.E. & Gandevia, S.C. (2000) Supraspinal fatigue during intermittent maximal voluntary contractions of the human elbow flexors. J. Appl. Physiol., 89, 305313.
  • Tinazzi, M., Farina, S., Tamburin, S., Facchini, S., Fiaschi, A., Restivo, D. & Berardelli, A. (2003) Task-dependent modulation of excitatory and inhibitory functions within the human primary motor cortex. Exp. Brain Res., 150, 222229.
  • Werhahn, K.J., Kunesch, E., Noachtar, S., Benecke, R. & Classen, J. (1999) Differential effects on motorcortical inhibition induced by blockade of GABA uptake in humans. J. Physiol., 517(Pt 2), 591597.