Brain temperature: heat production, elimination and clinical relevance

Authors


  • Section Editor: Brian Anderson

Bruno Bissonnette, Professor of Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, Room 121, Fitzgerald Building 150 College Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 3E2 Canada
Email: bruno@brainstorm-anesthesia.com

Summary

Neurological insults are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality, both in adults and especially in children. Among possible therapeutic strategies to limit clinical cerebral damage and improve outcomes, hypothermia remains a promising and beneficial approach. However, its advantages are still debated after decades of use. Studies in adults have generated conflicting results, whereas in children recent data even suggest that hypothermia may be detrimental. Is it because brain temperature physiology is not well understood and/or not applied properly, that hypothermia fails to convince clinicians of its potential benefits? Or is it because hypothermia is not, as believed, the optimal strategy to improve outcome in patients affected with an acute neurological insult? This review article should help to explain the fundamental physiological principles of brain heat production, distribution and elimination under normal conditions and discuss why hypothermia cannot yet be recommended routinely in the management of children affected with various neurological insults.

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