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Diversity of locust gut bacteria protects against pathogen invasion

Authors


  • Present address: R. J. Dillon, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Pembroke Place, Liverpool L3 5QA, UK

  • Present address: A. Buckling, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PS, UK

* E-mail: bssakc@bath.ac.uk

Abstract

Diversity–invasibility relationships were explored in the novel context of the colonization resistance provided by gut bacteria of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria against pathogenic bacteria. Germ-free insects were associated with various combinations of one to three species of locust gut bacteria and then fed an inoculum of the pathogenic bacterium Serratia marcescens. There was a significant negative relationship between the resulting density of Serratia marcescens and the number of symbiotic gut bacterial species present. Likewise there was a significant inverse relationship between community diversity and the proportion of locusts that harboured Serratia. Host mortality was not negatively correlated with resistance to gut-invasion by Serratia marcescens, although there were significantly more deaths among pathogen fed germ-free insects than tri-associated gnotobiotes. The outcome is consistent with the predictions of community ecology theory that species-rich communities are more resistant to invasion than species-poor communities.

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