ST1.Database used in the meta-analysis.

D ID= Data ID. R ID = Reference ID, Author/Date = Reference, T exp syst = Type of experimental system, T div meas = Type of diversity measure, M caus = Main cause, D Des = Design for direct diversity manipulations, I grad = Design for indirect diversity manipulations, M Spno = Species number in the most diverse treatment, TL manip = Trophic level manipulated, TL measur = Trophic level measured, N lk = Number of links between trophic level manipulated and trophic level measured, EP variable measured = Ecosystem property measured, EP Group = Ecosystem property group, EP for Ecosystem Services = EP group used in Fig. 4 for relation to ecosystem services, R vs I = EP measured on resident vs. invader, M vs V = Mean vs. variance of EP measured, C P E = Organization level of EP measured (community vs. ecosystem vs. population), E cycle = Cycle to which EP measured can be assigned to (carbon, nutrient, water, biotic), R S = rate vs. stock EP measured, r = correlation coefficient between biodiversity and EP measured, T r = type of r (simple vs. multiple), N = sample size in original experiment, Zr = effect size metric (Z-transformed r), var(Zr) = variance of Zr (reciprocal used as weighting variable). NA = Not Available.

ELE_963_sm_tableS1.xls247KSupporting info item
ELE_963_sm_appendixS1.doc57KSupporting info item

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