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Local adaptation studies included in meta-analysis (in order of mention in Table 1)

  1. Local adaptation studies included in meta-analysis (in order of mention in )
  • 1
    Ahmed, H.U., Mundt, C.C. & Coakley, S.M. (1995). Host–pathogen relationship of geographically diverse isolates of Septoria tritici and wheat cultivars. Plant Pathol., 44, 838847.
  • 2
    Davelos, A.L., Alexander, H.M. & Slade, N.A. (1996). Ecological genetic interactions between a clonal host plant (Spartina pectinata) and associated rust fungi (Puccinia seymouriana and Puccinia sparganioides). Oecologia, 105, 205213.
  • 3
    Ennos, R.A. & McConnell, K.C. (1995). Using genetic markers to investigate natural selection in fungal populations. Can. J. Bot., 73, S302S310.
  • 4
    Ericson, L., Burdon, J.J. & Muller, W.J. (2002). The rust pathogen Triphragmium ulmariae as a selective force affecting its host, Filipendula ulmaria. J. Ecol., 90, 167178.
  • 5
    Kaltz, O., Gandon, S., Michalakis, Y. & Shykoff, J.A. (1999). Local maladaptation in the anther-smut fungus Microbotryum violaceum to its host plant Silene latifolia: evidence from a cross-inoculation experiment. Evolution, 53, 395407.
  • 6
    Laine, A.L. (2005). Spatial scale of local adaptation in a plant–pathogen metapopulation. J. Evol. Biol., 18, 930938.
  • 7
    Leuchtmann, A. & Clay, K. (1989). Experimental evidence for genetic variation in compatibility between the fungus Atkinsonella hypoxylon and its 3 host grasses. Evolution, 43, 825834.
  • 8
    Niemi, L., Wennström, A., Hjältén, J., Waldmann, P. & Ericson, L. (2006). Spatial variation in resistance and virulence in the host–pathogen system Salix triandraMelampsora amygdalinae. J. Ecol., 94, 915921.
  • 9
    Parker, M.A. (1985). Local population differentiation for compatibility in an annual legume and its host-specific fungal pathogen. Evolution, 39, 713723.
  • 10
    Parker, M.A. (1989). Disease impact and local genetic diversity in the clonal plant Podophyllum peltatum. Evolution, 43, 540547.
  • 11
    Roy, B.A. (1998). Differentiating the effects of origin and frequency in reciprocal transplant experiments used to test negative frequency-dependent selection hypotheses. Oecologia, 115, 7383.
  • 12
    Sicard, D., Pennings, P.S., Grandclément, C., Acosta, J., Kaltz, O. & Shykoff, J.A. (2007). Specialization and local adaptation of a fungal parasite on two host plant species as revealed by two fitness traits. Evolution, 61, 2741.
  • 13
    Thrall, P.H., Burdon, J.J. & Bever, J.D. (2002). Local adaptation in the Linum marginale-Melampsora lini host–pathogen interaction. Evolution, 56, 13401351.
  • 14
    Wennstrom, A. & Ericson, L. (1994). The effect and transmission of one isolate of the rust Puccinia minussensis on five clones of Lactuca sibirica. Oecologia, 97, 407411.
  • 15
    Alstad, D. (1998). Population structure and the conundrum of local adaptation. In: Genetic Structure and Local Adaptation in Natural Insect Populations: Effects of Ecology, Life History, and Behavior (eds Mopper, S. & Strauss, S.Y.), Chapman & Hall, New York, pp. 321.
  • 16
    Cobb, N.S. & Whitham, T.G. (1993). Herbivore deme formation on individual trees – a test-case. Oecologia, 94, 496502.
  • 17
    Hanks, L.M. & Denno, R.F. (1994). Local adaptation in the armored scale insect Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Homoptera: Diaspididae). Ecology, 75, 23012310.
  • 18
    Karban, R. (1989). Fine-scale adaptation of herbivorous thrips to individual host plants. Nature, 340, 6061.
  • 19
    Memmott, J., Day, R.K. & Godfray, H.C.J. (1995). Intraspecific variation in host plant quality: the aphid Cinara cupressi on the Mexican Cypress, Cupressus lusitanica. Ecol. Entomol., 20, 153158.
  • 20
    Niemi, L., Wennström, A., Hjältén, J. & Ericson, L. (2006). Preference and performance of the leaf-eating beetle Gonioctena linaeana on sympatric and allopatric populations of Salix triandra. In: Spatial Patterns in the Interaction between Salix triandra and Associated Parasites (ed. Niemi, L.). Faculty of Science and Technology, Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå.
  • 21
    Sork, V.L., Stowe, K.A. & Hochwender, C. (1993). Evidence for local adaptation in closely adjacent subpopulations of northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra L.) expressed as resistance to leaf herbivores. Am. Nat., 142, 928936.
  • 22
    Strauss, S.Y. (1997). Lack of evidence for local adaptation to individual plants clones or site by a mobile specialist herbivore. Oecologia, 110, 7785.
  • 23
    Unruh, T.R. & Luck, R.F. (1987). Deme formation in scale insects: a test with the pinyon needle scale and a review of other evidence. Ecol. Entomol., 12, 439449.
  • 24
    Wainhouse, D. & Howell, R.S. (1983). Intraspecific variation in beech scale populations and in susceptibility of their host Fagus sylvatica. Ecol. Entomol., 8, 351359.
  • 25
    Zangerl, A.R. & Berenbaum, M.R. (1990). Furanocoumarin induction in wild parsnip: genetics and populational variation. Ecology, 71, 19331940.
  • 26
    Anderson, B., Olivieri, I., Lourmas, M. & Stewart, B.A. (2004). Comparative population genetic structures and local adaptation of two mutualists. Evolution, 58, 17301747.
  • 27
    Downie, D.A. (1999). Performance of native grape phylloxera on host plants within and among terrestrial islands in Arizona, USA. Oecologia, 121, 527536.
  • 28
    Mopper, S., Beck, M., Simberloff, D. & Stiling, P. (1995). Local adaptation and agents of selection in a mobile insect. Evolution, 49, 810815.
  • 29
    Stiling, P. & Rossi, A.M. (1998). Deme formation in a dispersive gall-forming midge. In: Genetic Structure and Local Adaptation in Natural Insect Populations: Effects of Ecology, Life History, and Behavior (eds Mopper, S. & Strauss, S.Y.), Chapman & Hall, New York, pp. 2236.
  • 30
    Goss, E.M. & Bergelson, J. (2006). Variation in resistance and virulence in the interaction between Arabidopsis thaliana and a bacterial pathogen. Evolution, 60, 15621573.
  • 31
    Koskela, T., Salonen, V. & Mutikainen, P. (2000). Local adaptation of a holoparasitic plant, Cuscuta europaea: variation among populations. J. Evol. Biol., 13, 749755.
  • 32
    Mutikainen, P., Salonen, V., Puustinen, S. & Koskela, T. (2000). Local adaptation, resistance, and virulence in a hemiparasitic plant–host plant interaction. Evolution, 54, 433440.
  • 33
    Buckling, A. & Rainey, P.B. (2002). Antagonistic coevolution between a bacterium and a bacteriophage. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 269, 931936.
  • 34
    Fischer, B. & Foitzik, S. (2004). Local co-adaptation leading to a geographical mosaic of coevolution in a social parasite system. J. Evol. Biol., 17, 10261034.
  • 35
    Gasnier, N., Rondelaud, D., Abrous, M., Carreras, F., Boulard, C., Diez-Banos, P. et al. (2000). Allopatric combination of Fasciola hepatica and Lymnaea truncatula is more efficient than sympatric ones. Int. J. Parasitol., 30, 573578.
  • 36
    Hufbauer, R.A. & Via, S. (1999). Evolution of an aphid-parasitoid interaction: Variation in resistance to parasitism among aphid populations specialized on different plants. Evolution, 53, 14351445.
  • 37
    Lively, C.M. (1989). Adaptation by a parasitic trematode to local populations of its snail host. Evolution, 43, 16631671.
  • 38
    Manning, S.D., Woolhouse, M.E.J. & Ndamba, J. (1995). Geographic compatibility of the freshwater snail Bulinus globosus and schistosomes from the Zimbabwe Highveld. Int. J. Parasitol., 25, 3742.
  • 39
    Prugnolle, F., De Meeus, T., Pointier, J.P., Durand, P., Rognon, A. & Theron, A. (2006). Geographical variations in infectivity and susceptibility in the host–parasite system Schistosoma mansoni/Biomphalaria glabrata: no evidence for local adaptation. Parasitology, 133, 313319.
  • 40
    Saarinen, M. & Taskinen, J. (2005). Local adaptation in a crustacean parasite-molluscan host interaction: a field experiment. Evol. Ecol. Res., 7, 11911199.
  • 41
    Schönrogge, K., Gardner, M.G., Elmes, G.W., Napper, E.K.V., Simcox, D.J., Wardlaw, J.C. et al. (2006). Host propagation permits extreme local adaptation in a social parasite of ants. Ecol. Lett., 9, 10321040.
  • 42
    Altizer, S.M. (2001). Migratory behaviour and host–parasite co-evolution in natural populations of monarch butterflies infected with a protozoan parasite. Evol. Ecol. Res., 3, 611632.
  • 43
    Ebert, D. (1994). Virulence and local adaptation of a horizontally transmitted parasite. Science, 265, 10841086.
  • 44
    Ebert, D., Zschokke-Rohringer, C.D. & Carius, H.J. (1998). Within- and between-population variation for resistance of Daphnia magna to the bacterial endoparasite Pasteuria ramosa. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 265, 21272134.
  • 45
    Ganz, H.H. & Washburn, J.O. (2006). Relative migration rates and local adaptation in a mosquito–protozoan interaction. J. Evol. Biol., 19, 816824.
  • 46
    Hatcher, M.J., Hogg, J.C. & Dunn, A.M. (2005). Local adaptation and enhanced virulence of Nosema granulosis artificially introduced into novel populations of its crustacean host, Gammarus duebeni. Int. J. Parasitol., 35, 265274.
  • 47
    Imhoof, B. & Schmid-Hempel, P. (1998). Patterns of local adaptation of a protozoan parasite to its bumblebee host. Oikos, 82, 5965.
  • 48
    Briskie, J.V., Sealy, S.G. & Hobson, K.A. (1992). Behavioral defenses against avian brood parasitism in sympatric and allopatric host populations. Evolution, 46, 334340.
  • 49
    Ballabeni, P. & Ward, P.I. (1993). Local adaptation of the trematode Diplostomum phoxini to the European minnow Phoxinus phoxinus, its second intermediate host. Funct. Ecol., 7, 8490.
  • 50
    Dufva, R. (1996). Sympatric and allopatric combinations of hen fleas and great tits: a test of the local adaptation hypothesis. J. Evol. Biol., 9, 505510.
  • 51
    Jackson, J.A. & Tinsley, R.C. (2005). Geographic and within-population structure in variable resistance to parasite species and strains in a vertebrate host. Int. J. Parasitol., 35, 2937.
  • 52
    Kalbe, M. & Kurtz, J. (2006). Local differences in immunocompetence reflect resistance of sticklebacks against the eye fluke Diplostomum pseudospathaceum. Parasitology, 132, 105116.
  • 53
    McCoy, K.D., Boulinier, T., Schjörring, S. & Michalakis, Y. (2002). Local adaptation of the ectoparasite Ixodes uriae to its seabird host. Evol. Ecol. Res., 4, 441456.
  • 54
    Oppliger, A., Vernet, R. & Baez, M. (1999). Parasite local maladaptation in the Canarian lizard Gallotia galloti (Reptilia: Lacertidae) parasitized by a haemogregarian blood parasite. J. Evol. Biol., 12, 951955.