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Figure S1Annual reproductive behavior of all woody plants. Monthly observations are plotted for each year of the percentage of the reproductive stems. Each year is indicated by a different type of line, as shown in the legend. Figure S2Fruiting patterns over 68 months in a Bornean rainforest for two plant forms in each forest type. The column of figures represents woody climbers and the second column represents all trees. Forest types are in the same order as in Figure 8. a&h) montane; b&i) upper granite; c&j) lower granite; d&k) lower sandstone; e&l) alluvial bench; f&m) freshwater swamp; and g&n) peat swamp. Observed values are shown in thick green line. The average level of fruiting expected across all months is indicated by the solid red line while 95% confidence limits are shown by the dashed red lines. The inner thin purple line illustrates a single random fruiting behavior, while the two outer thin purple lines indicate the maximum and minimum of all randomizations. Figure S3Fruiting patterns over 68 months in a Bornean rainforest for two plant forms in each forest type. The column of figures represents woody climbers and the second column represents all trees. Forest types are in the same order as in Figure 8. a&h) montane; b&i) upper granite; c&j) lower granite; d&k) lower sandstone; e&l) alluvial bench; f&m) freshwater swamp; and g&n) peat swamp. Observed values are shown in thick green line. The average level of fruiting expected across all months is indicated by the solid red line while 95% confidence limits are shown by the dashed red lines. The inner thin purple line illustrates a single random fruiting behavior, while the two outer thin purple lines indicate the maximum and minimum of all randomizations. Table S1Sample areas and number of individuals observed for reproductive behavior for each growth form across the different forest types. Sample areas for figs, climbers, and big trees (>24.5 cm DBH) are identical while sample areas for small trees (14.5-24.5 cm DBH) were generally smaller. Total number of individuals observed for each plant form within each forest type is listed with stem density per hectare. Totals for forest types and plant forms are shown. Type labels are: MO=Montane; UG=Upland Granite; LG=Lowland Granite; LS=Lowland Sandstone; AB=Alluvial Bench; FS=Freshwater Swamp; and PS=Peat Swamp. Table S2Structural differences of tree communities among forest types. Values are in stem density per hectare. Basal Area (BA) values are m2ha-1. Forest types are indicated as follows: PS = peat swamp; FS = freshwater swamp; AB=alluvial bench; LS=lowland sandstone; LG=lowland granite; UG=upland granite; and MO=montane. Bold values are greater than expected, italicized values are less than expected. (*-p<0.95, **-p<0.99, ***-p<0.999). Table S3Structural differences of liana communities among forest types. Values are in stem density per hectare. Basal Area (BA) values are m2ha-1 Forest type types are indicated as follows: PS = peat swamp, FS = freshwater swamp, AB=alluvial bench, LS=lowland sandstone, LG=lowland granite, UG=upland granite, MO=montane. Bold values are greater than expected; italicized values are less than expected. (*-p<0.95, **-p<0.99, ***-p<0.999). Table S4Taxonomic groups that significantly restricted their reproductive behavior to the SMF events. Genera are organized by family and species by genus. Taxa with significantly elevated levels of reproduction during the months immediately preceding or following the SMF events are indicated by the following symbol #. ?Diversity? indicates the number of species (including evenness) reported in Cannon and Leighton (2004). ?Obs in SMF? indicates the number of individuals observed fruiting during SMF events. ?Ratio? indicates the ratio of observed to expected observations in SMF events. Significance levels indicated are *:p<0.05; **:p<0.01; ***:p<0.001. Significance was determined by nonparametric rank tests of observed against expected values.

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