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Beneficial acclimation and the Bogert effect




Few studies have examined the extent to which phenotypic plasticity in a given trait might be influenced by behavioural responses to an environmental cue. Regulatory behaviour might eliminate environmental variation such that little selection for physiological change would take place. Here, to test this Bogert effect on acclimation, we use two life-stages of a kelp fly that inhabit the same habitat, but differ profoundly in their behaviour. We predicted that when denied opportunities for behavioural regulation, mobile, though brachypterous adults would show a performance advantage in most thermal environments following acclimation to their preferred temperature(s). By contrast, in the less mobile larvae, that have a broader thermal preference, beneficial acclimation would be more evident. Ordered factor anova with orthogonal polynomial contrasts revealed that adults recovered faster from chill coma following any one of six short-term temperature treatments if they had been acclimated at low temperature, whilst larvae showed beneficial acclimation.