These authors contributed equally to this work.
Phenology, ontogeny and the effects of climate change on the timing of species interactions
Article first published online: 23 NOV 2009
© 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/CNRS
Volume 13, Issue 1, pages 1–10, January 2010
How to Cite
Yang, L. H. and Rudolf, V. H. W. (2010), Phenology, ontogeny and the effects of climate change on the timing of species interactions. Ecology Letters, 13: 1–10. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01402.x
- Issue published online: 21 DEC 2009
- Article first published online: 23 NOV 2009
- Editor, Jordi Bascompte Manuscript received 17 June 2009 First decision made 20 June 2009 Manuscript accepted 23 September 2009
- Climate change;
- global warming;
- size structure
Climate change is altering the phenology of many species and the timing of their interactions with other species, but the impacts of these phenological shifts on species interactions remain unclear. Classical approaches to the study of phenology have typically documented changes in the timing of single life-history events, while phenological shifts affect many interactions over entire life histories. In this study, we suggest an approach that integrates the phenology and ontogeny of species interactions with a fitness landscape to provide a common mechanistic framework for investigating phenological shifts. We suggest that this ontogeny–phenology landscape provides a flexible method to document changes in the relative phenologies of interacting species, examine the causes of these phenological shifts, and estimate their consequences for interacting species.
Ecology Letters (2010) 13: 1–10