Appendix S1 Full description of the Material and Methods.

Data S1 Dataset on concentrations of 11 leaf minerals in terrestrial plants of China and associated information.

Figure S1 Distribution of the samples for 11 leaf minerals in plants of China.

Figure S2 Relationships between minerals in China’s soils and plant leaves.

Figure S3 Geographic patterns of plant leaf minerals in China.

Figure S4 Geographic patterns of temperature and precipitation in the mainland and two large islands of China.

Figure S5 Latitudinal trends in leaf minerals of deciduous vs. evergreen broadleaves.

Figure S6 Variation partitioning of environmental factors in accounting for the variations in leaf nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations.

Figure S7 The schematic diagram showing the climatic controls on the leaf mineral patterns.

Table S1 Leaf mineral concentrations in 1,900 plant species in China.

Table S2 Correlations of five climatic variables, using climate data in all sites in this study.

Table S3 Linear regressions of leaf minerals on MAT and MAP.

Table S4 Model summary for the stepwise multiple regression of leaf minerals on five climatic variables.

Table S5 Leaf minerals for different functional types of seed plants in China.

Table S6 Summary of the (partial) general linear models for the effects of climate, plant functional type, and soil nutrient contents on leaf minerals.

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