Appendix S1 Supplementary Tables S1, S2, S3 and S4.

Appendix S2 Supplementary Figures S1 and S2.

Appendix S3 Evidence regarding the impact of species’ traits on the productivity of monocultures and on the difference between species-specific productivity in monocultures vs. the mixture (with 30 species in input) for each site.

Appendix S4 Evidence for the processes driving the emerging biodiversity effect in the simulations, including additional analyses and results.

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