Using 2D electrophoresis the protein expression pattern during growth on carbon sources with different impact on carbon catabolite repression of phenol degradation was analysed in a derivative of Pseudomonas putida KT2440. The cytosolic protein pattern of cells growing on phenol or the non-repressive substrate pyruvate was almost identical, but showed significant differences to that of cells growing with the repressive substrates succinate or glucose. Proteins, which were mainly expressed in the presence of phenol or pyruvate, could be assigned to the functional groups of transport, detoxification, stress response, amino acid, energy, carbohydrate and nucleotide metabolism. The addition of succinate to cells growing with phenol (‘shift-up’) resulted in the inhibition of the synthesis of these proteins. Proteins with enhanced expression at growth with succinate or glucose were proteins for de novo synthesis of nucleotides, amino acids and enzymes of the TCA cycle. The synthesis of proteins, necessary for phenol catabolism was regulated in different manners following the addition of succinate. Whereas the synthesis of Phl-proteins (subunits of the phenolhydroxylase) only decreased slowly, was the translation of the Cat-proteins (catechol 1,2-dioxygenase, cis,cis-muconate cycloisomerase and muconolactone isomerase) repressed immediately and the synthesis of the Pca-proteins (β-ketoadipate enolactone hydrolase, β-ketoadipate succinyl-CoA transferase and β-ketoadipyl CoA thiolase) remained unaffected.