Immune suppression in the honey bee (Apis mellifera) following infection by Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia)
Article first published online: 13 MAY 2009
© 2009 Society for Applied Microbiology and Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Volume 11, Issue 9, pages 2284–2290, September 2009
How to Cite
Antúnez, K., Martín-Hernández, R., Prieto, L., Meana, A., Zunino, P. and Higes, M. (2009), Immune suppression in the honey bee (Apis mellifera) following infection by Nosema ceranae (Microsporidia). Environmental Microbiology, 11: 2284–2290. doi: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2009.01953.x
- Issue published online: 4 SEP 2009
- Article first published online: 13 MAY 2009
- Received 2 March, 2009; accepted 13 April, 2009.
Two microsporidia species have been shown to infect Apis mellifera, Nosema apis and Nosema ceranae. This work present evidence that N. ceranae infection significantly suppresses the honey bee immune response, although this effect was not observed following infection with N. apis. Immune suppression would also increase susceptibility to other bee pathogens and senescence. Despite the importance of both Nosema species in honey bee health, there is no information about their effect on the bees' immune system and present results can explain the different virulence between both microsporida infecting honeybees.