Environmental conditions that influence toxin biosynthesis in cyanobacteria


E-mail b.neilan@unsw.edu.au; Tel. (+61) 2 9385 3235; Fax (+61) 2 9385 1483.


Over the past 15 years, the genetic basis for production of many cyanobacterial bioactive compounds has been described. This knowledge has enabled investigations into the environmental factors that regulate the production of these toxins at the molecular level. Such molecular or systems level studies are also likely to reveal the physiological role of the toxin and contribute to effective water resource management. This review focuses on the environmental regulation of some of the most relevant cyanotoxins, namely the microcystins, nodularin, cylindrospermopsin, saxitoxins, anatoxins and jamaicamides.