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Keywords:

  • adipose tissue;
  • energy balance;
  • inflammation;
  • obesity

Morbid obesity is considered a systemic inflammatory state. The objective of this project was to characterize the adipokine, cytokine and chemokine protein profile in serum from control, lean and obese mice. We hypothesized that chemokines and cytokines are altered by caloric restriction and diet-induced obesity as a function of changes in body composition. Six-week-old female C57BL/6N mice (n = 12 per group) were randomized to one of three diets: control (fed ad libitum); lean (30% calorie-restricted regimen relative to control) and diet-induced obese (DIO; high calorie diet, fed ad libitum). Body weight, body composition and food intake were monitored throughout the study. After 10 weeks on the diets, blood samples were collected, and adipokine/cytokine/chemokine serum profiles were measured by antibody array. Lean mice, relative to the control group, displayed increased concentrations of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein-3, -5 and -6 and adiponectin and decreased IGF-1. These mice also showed increased concentrations of interleukin (IL)-10, IL-12 p40/p70, eotaxin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-5 and SDF-1. In contrast, DIO mice displayed increased leptin, IL-6 and LPS-induced chemokine and decreased concentrations of all chemokines/cytokines measured relative to control mice. As such, these data indicate that DIO may lead to an inflammatory state characterized as a shift towards a T helper lymphocyte type 1–skewed responsiveness. The demonstration of differential adipokine, cytokine and chemokine protein profile in control, lean and DIO mice may have implications for immune responsiveness and risk of disease.