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Feline corneal sequestra: a review of 64 cases (80 eyes) from 1993 to 2000

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Address communications to: H. J. Featherstone Tel.: (44) 1582-883950 Fax: (44) 1582-883946 e-mail: hjf@vetspecialists.co.uk

Abstract

Feline corneal sequestrum is a common condition of the feline cornea. The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed description of the clinical features of the condition including the response to different management options and to assess the rate of recurrence. The medical records of 64 cases (80 eyes) of feline corneal sequestra that presented to the Animal Health Trust from 1993 to 2000 were reviewed. Fifty-two cases were reviewed retrospectively; 12 cases were assessed prospectively between April and September 2000 as part of a separate study. The Persian was the most frequently encountered breed and the mean age of affected cats was 5.6 years. At initial presentation, sequestra were unilateral in 58 cats and bilateral in 6 cats, 5 of which were Persians. Ocular discomfort and ocular discharge were common presenting signs, occurring in 42 and 36 eyes, respectively. Seventy-four eyes were managed surgically with keratectomy only (n = 44) or keratectomy followed by a graft procedure (n = 30). Sequestra recurred in 16 eyes in the study. There was no significant difference in the rate of recurrence between eyes that received a graft procedure (n = 5) and eyes that did not (n = 11) (P = 0.56). Complications following transection of conjunctival pedicle grafts were observed. Brown to black discoloration of noncorneal tissue and therapeutic biomaterials was observed, including discoloration of both viable and apparently nonviable grafted conjunctival tissue, small intestinal submucosa graft material and bandage contact lenses.

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