Postoperative complications and visual outcomes of phacoemulsification in 103 dogs (179 eyes): 2006–2008
Article first published online: 1 MAR 2011
© 2011 American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists
Volume 14, Issue 2, pages 114–120, March 2011
How to Cite
Klein, H. E., Krohne, S. G., Moore, G. E. and Stiles, J. (2011), Postoperative complications and visual outcomes of phacoemulsification in 103 dogs (179 eyes): 2006–2008. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 14: 114–120. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-5224.2010.00853.x
- Issue published online: 1 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 1 MAR 2011
Objective To describe the postoperative complications and visual outcome after phacoemulsification in dogs and identify risk factors for complications.
Animals studied One hundred and three dogs (179 eyes) that had phacoemulsification with or without intraocular lens (IOL) placement including foldable acrylic IOLs between March 2006 and March 2008 at Purdue University Veterinary Teaching Hospital.
Procedure Medical records were reviewed and occurrence and dates of postoperative complications were tabulated. Visual status at the final recheck during the study period was recorded. Additional information including signalment, diabetes mellitus status, operative complications and factors, presence of prior lens induced uveitis, preoperative retinopexy, and cataract stage was collected.
Results The majority of eyes were functionally visual (148 eyes, 82.7%) at the end of the study period. Blindness was seen in 18 eyes (10.0%) with reduced vision in 13 eyes (7.3%) at the final recheck. Postoperative ocular hypertension (22.9%), corneal lipid opacity (19.0%), uveitis (16.2%), intraocular hemorrhage (12.3%), retinal detachment (8.4%), and glaucoma (6.7%) were the most common postoperative complications seen in eyes. The odds of blindness were significantly greater (OR = 290.44) in the eyes of Boston terriers compared with mixed breed dogs and with each year of increasing age (OR = 2.00).
Conclusion The prognosis for vision after phacoemulsification with injectable IOL placement is good. Boston terriers were at much higher risk for certain complications.