Presented in part at the 41st Annual Meeting of American College of Veterinary Ophthalmology in San Diego, CA, USA, October 6–9, 2010
Topical application of 0.005% latanoprost increases episcleral venous pressure in normal dogs
Article first published online: 30 NOV 2011
© 2012 American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists
Special Issue: Aqueous Humor Physiology, Outflow Anatomy and Glaucoma
Volume 15, Issue Supplement s1, pages 71–78, March 2012
How to Cite
Tsai, S., Miller, P. E., Struble, C., Howard, S., Almazan, A., Burke, J. A., Hughes, P. M., Li, H., Conforti, P., Lee, S. S. and Robinson, M. R. (2012), Topical application of 0.005% latanoprost increases episcleral venous pressure in normal dogs. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 15: 71–78. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-5224.2011.00970.x
- Issue published online: 2 MAR 2012
- Article first published online: 30 NOV 2011
- aqueous humor outflow;
- episcleral venous pressure;
Introduction Episcleral venous pressure (EVP) has an important role in intraocular pressure (IOP) homeostasis and accounts for more than 70% of the IOP in the normal dog. A frequently used species in glaucoma research is the normotensive dog especially when evaluating the efficacy of prostaglandin analogues and prostamides; however, aqueous humor dynamic studies in normal dogs are lacking, and the effect of 0.005% latanoprost on canine EVP is not known. We sought to determine the effects to the EVP of topically applied 0.005% latanoprost in the normotensive beagle dog.
Methods Female beagle dogs (n = 14) were used and each had a normal ophthalmic examination on study entry. EVP was determined using a standard episcleral venomanometer. Animals were dosed in one eye with 0.005% latanoprost, and the effects on EVP were compared with the averaged baseline EVP’s determined in the predosing phase and the fellow nondosed eye. The Mixed Model Repeated Measures method was used to analyze the EVP data.
Results During the dosing phase of the study with topical 0.005% latanoprost, the mean EVPs of dosed eyes were significantly higher than that of nondosed eyes (P < 0.0001).
Conclusions The increase in EVP in the dog with exposure to topical 0.005% latanoprost has not been observed in other species that have been studied, such as in the mouse and in humans, where the drug had no significant effect on the EVP. This response may be unique to dogs and suggests that dogs may not fully mimic human aqueous humor dynamics with topical 0.005% latanoprost. Although frequently performed in human studies, EVP should not be regarded to be a constant value in aqueous humor dynamic studies in the normal beagle dog.