We gratefully acknowledge the support of the South Australian Country Fire Service and South Australian Fire and Emergency Services Commission.
Global and Occupation-Specific Emotional Resources as Buffers against the Emotional Demands of Fire-Fighting
Article first published online: 3 AUG 2010
© 2010 The University of South Australia. Journal compilation © 2010 International Association of Applied Psychology
Volume 60, Issue 1, pages 1–23, January 2011
How to Cite
Tuckey, M. R. and Hayward, R. (2011), Global and Occupation-Specific Emotional Resources as Buffers against the Emotional Demands of Fire-Fighting. Applied Psychology:An International Review, 60: 1–23. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-0597.2010.00424.x
- Issue published online: 16 DEC 2010
- Article first published online: 3 AUG 2010
Job resources have a protective role in minimising job strain and associated adverse outcomes. Although autonomy and support are recognised as valuable resources across nearly all occupations, relatively few occupation-specific resources have been identified within the literature. We studied global (general) emotional resources and an occupation-specific emotional resource (camaraderie) as potential buffers against the deleterious effects of emotional demands on emergency responders. A random sample of 547 volunteer fire-fighters completed an anonymous survey. Through path analysis we identified significant main and interaction effects of emotional demands and resources on psychological strain and burnout. Camaraderie, the specific resource, had the most consistent protective effects against poor psychological health; the effects of global emotional resources were not as consistent. These findings have important implications for theory (e.g. the specificity of resources most appropriate for theory testing and development) and for practice (e.g. for designing primary, secondary, and tertiary stress prevention and management initiatives).