This study was supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The authors wish to thank Drs Victoria Esses, Alison Konrad, Joerg Dietz, Christopher Higgins, and Ronald Burke.
Antecedents of Underemployment: Job Search of Skilled Immigrants in Canada
Article first published online: 8 SEP 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Applied Psychology: An International Review © 2011 International Association of Applied Psychology
Volume 61, Issue 2, pages 323–346, April 2012
How to Cite
Guerrero, L. and Rothstein, M. G. (2012), Antecedents of Underemployment: Job Search of Skilled Immigrants in Canada. Applied Psychology:An International Review, 61: 323–346. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-0597.2011.00470.x
- Issue published online: 2 MAR 2012
- Article first published online: 8 SEP 2011
We investigate factors that skilled immigrants can improve in order to have better job search outcomes, in particular to avoid underemployment. We test an unfolding model which considers barriers faced by skilled immigrants during their job search (language and cultural barriers, and the lack of social support in the receiving country), job search constructs and job search outcomes (including underemployment). We collected data through an online questionnaire and obtained 357 usable responses from skilled immigrants in Canada. The hypotheses were tested with partial least squares (PLS). Language fluency and cultural knowledge were positively related to both job search clarity and job search self-efficacy. Social support was only related to job search self-efficacy. Job search clarity was related to job search intensity. Job search intensity was related to the number of interviews, which in turn, was related to the number of job offers. Finally, the number of job offers was negatively related to underemployment. Our paper contributes to the understanding of the job search of skilled immigrants by examining factors that can help them overcome obstacles and obtain better job search outcomes.