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Antecedents of Instrumental Interpersonal Help-Seeking: An Integrative Review

Authors

  • MeowLan Evelyn Chan

    Corresponding author
    1. National University of Singapore, Singapore
      MeowLan Evelyn Chan, NUS Business School, Department of Management & Organization, National University of Singapore, 1 Business Link, Singapore 117592. Email: meoweve@gmail.com or meow@nus.edu.sg
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MeowLan Evelyn Chan, NUS Business School, Department of Management & Organization, National University of Singapore, 1 Business Link, Singapore 117592. Email: meoweve@gmail.com or meow@nus.edu.sg

Abstract

Drawing from research across various fields of psychology—social, educational, organisational, counseling and clinical psychology—this paper provides an integrative review of the antecedents of interpersonal help-seeking behavior. Predicated on the Theory of Planned Behavior, the proposed model describes how person, task, and situation factors influence individuals' decision to seek interpersonal help for goal-directed or instrumental purposes. This paper also contributes to help-seeking research by (i) adopting a constellation approach to examine how various salient beliefs mediate between these exogenous factors and people's help-seeking decision and behavior, (ii) providing a multi-level perspective on help-seeking behavior, and by (iii) highlighting the moderating role of expectancy in people's decision to seek interpersonal help.

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