SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Acs, Z.J., Desai, S., & Hessels, J. (2008). Entrepreneurship, economic development and institutions. Small Business Economics, 31, 219234.
  • Aiken, L.S., & West, S.G. (1991). Multiple regression: Testing and interpreting interactions. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
  • Amit, R., MacCrimmon, K.R., & Zietsma, C. (2001). Does money matter? Wealth attainment as the motive for initiating growth-oriented technology ventures. Journal of Business Venturing, 16, 119143.
  • Ardichvili, A., Cardozo, R., & Ray, S. (2003). A theory of entrepreneurial opportunity identification and development. Journal of Business Venturing, 18, 105123.
  • Arnett, J.J. (2008). The neglected 95%: Why American psychology needs to become less American. American Psychologist, 63, 602614.
  • Arthur, W., & Day, D.V. (1994). Development of a short-form for the Raven Advanced Progressive Matrices Test. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 54, 394403.
  • Baron, R.A. (1998). Cognitive mechanisms in entrepreneurship: Why and when entrepreneurs think differently than other people. Journal of Business Venturing, 13, 275294.
  • Baron, R.A. (2004). The cognitive perspective: A valuable tool for answering entrepreneurship's basic “why” questions. Journal of Business Venturing, 19, 221239.
  • Baron, R.A. (2006). Opportunity recognition as pattern recognition: How entrepreneurs “connect the dots” to identify new business opportunities. Academy of Management Perspectives, 20(1), 104119.
  • Baron, R.A. (2007a). Behavioral and cognitive factors in entrepreneurship: Entrepreneurs as the active element in new venture creation. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 1, 167182.
  • Baron, R.A. (2007b). Entrepreneurship: A process perspective. In J.R. Baum , M. Frese , & R.A. Baron (Eds.), The psychology of entrepreneurship (pp. 1939). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Baron, R.A., & Ensley, M.D. (2006). Opportunity recognition as the detection of meaningful patterns: Evidence from comparisons of novice and experienced entrepreneurs. Management Science, 52, 13311344.
  • Baron, R.A., & Tang, J. (2009). Entrepreneurs’ social skills and new venture performance: Mediating mechanisms and cultural generality. Journal of Management, 35, 282306.
  • Baron, R.A., & Tang, J. (2011). The role of entrepreneurs in firm-level innovation: Joint effects of positive affect, creativity, and environmental dynamism. Journal of Business Venturing, 26, 4960.
  • Baron, R.A., & Ward, T.B. (2004). Expanding entrepreneurial cognition's toolbox: Potential contributions from the field of cognitive science. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 28, 553573.
  • Baum, J.R., Locke, E.A., & Smith, K.G. (2001). A multidimensional model of venture growth. Academy of Management Journal, 44, 292303.
  • Bruton, G.D. (2010). Business and the world's poorest billion: The need for an expanded examination by management scholars. Academy of Management Perspectives, 24(3), 610.
  • Busenitz, L.W. (1996). Research on entrepreneurial alertness: Sampling, measurement, and theoretical issues. Journal of Small Business Management, 34(4), 3544.
  • Carree, M.A., & Thurik, A.R. (2008). The lag structure of the impact of business ownership on economic performance in OECD countries. Small Business Economics, 30, 101110.
  • Carstensen, L.L., & Lang, F.R. (1996). Future Time Perspective Scale. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
  • Carter, N.M., Gartner, W.B., & Reynolds, P.D. (1996). Exploring start-up event sequences. Journal of Business Venturing, 11, 151166.
  • Christensen, P.R., Merrifield, P.R., & Guilford, J.P. (1953). Consequences Form A-1. Beverly Hills, CA: Sheridan Supply.
  • Colom, R., Rebollo, I., Palacios, A., Juan-Espinosa, M., & Kyllonen, P.C. (2004). Working memory is (almost) perfectly predicted by g. Intelligence, 32, 277296.
  • Cooper, A.C., Folta, T.B., & Woo, C. (1995). Entrepreneurial information search. Journal of Business Venturing, 10, 107120.
  • Corbett, A.C. (2007). Learning asymmetries and the discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities. Journal of Business Venturing, 22, 97118.
  • Daft, R.L., Sormunen, J., & Parks, D. (1988). Chief executive scanning, environmental characteristics, and company performance: An empirical study. Strategic Management Journal, 9, 123139.
  • Dane, E. (2010). Reconsidering the trade-off between expertise and flexibility: A cognitive entrenchment perspective. Academy of Management Review, 35, 579603.
  • Davidsson, P., & Honig, B. (2003). The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs. Journal of Business Venturing, 18, 301331.
  • Department of Trade and Industry (1995). White Paper on National Strategy for the Development and Promotion of Small Business in South Africa. Pretoria, South Africa: Department of Trade and Industry.
  • DeTienne, D.R., & Chandler, G.N. (2004). Opportunity identification and its role in the entrepreneurial classroom: A pedagogical approach and empirical test. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 3, 242257.
  • de Wit, G., & van Winden, F.A.A.M. (1989). An empirical analysis of self-employment in the Netherlands. Small Business Economics, 1, 263272.
  • Dimov, D. (2007). Beyond the single-person, single-insight attribution in understanding entrepreneurial opportunities. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31, 713731.
  • DuBois, C.L.Z., Sackett, P.R., Zedeck, S., & Fogli, L. (1993). Further exploration of typical and maximum performance criteria: Definitional issues, prediction, and white–black differences. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 205211.
  • Eckhardt, J.T., & Shane, S. (2003). Opportunities and entrepreneurship. Journal of Management, 29, 333349.
  • Engle, R.W., Tuholski, S.W., Laughlin, J.E., & Conway, A.R.A. (1999). Working memory, short-term memory, and general fluid intelligence: A latent-variable approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 128, 309331.
  • Evans, M.G. (1985). A Monte Carlo study of the effects of correlated method variance in moderated multiple-regression analysis. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 36, 305323.
  • Fiet, J.O. (2002). Systematic search for entrepreneurial discoveries. Westport, CT: Praeger.
  • Fiet, J.O. (2007). A prescriptive analysis of search and discovery. Journal of Management Studies, 44, 592611.
  • Fiske, S.T., & Taylor, S.E. (1984). Social cognition. New York: Random House.
  • Frese, M. (1999). Social support as a moderator of the relationship between work stressors and psychological dysfunctioning: A longitudinal study with objective measures. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 4, 179192.
  • Frese, M. (2009). Toward a psychology of entrepreneurship: An action theory perspective. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 5, 435494.
  • Frese, M., Krauss, S.I., Keith, N., Escher, S., Grabarkiewicz, R., Luneng, S.T., Heers, C., Unger, J., & Friedrich, C. (2007). Business owners’ action planning and its relationship to business success in three African countries. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 14811498.
  • Frese, M., & Zapf, D. (1994). Action as the core of work psychology: A German approach. In H.C. Triandis , M.D. Dunnette , & L.M. Hough (Eds.), Handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (Vol. 4, pp. 271340). Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.
  • Gaglio, C.M. (2004). The role of mental simulations and counterfactual thinking in the opportunity identification process. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 28, 533552.
  • Gaglio, C.M., & Katz, J.A. (2001). The psychological basis of opportunity identification: Entrepreneurial alertness. Small Business Economics, 16, 95111.
  • Gartner, W.B. (1985). A conceptual framework for describing the phenomenon of new venture creation. Academy of Management Review, 10, 696706.
  • Gielnik, M.M., Frese, M., Graf, J.M., & Kampschulte, A. (2012). Creativity in the opportunity identification process and the moderating effect of diversity of information. Journal of Business Venturing, 27, 559576.
  • Gottfredson, L.S. (1997). Why g matters: The complexity of everyday life. Intelligence, 24, 79132.
  • Guilford, J.P. (1950). Creativity. American Psychologist, 5, 444454.
  • Hills, G.E., Lumpkin, G.T., & Singh, R.P. (1997). Opportunity recognition: Perceptions and behaviors of entrepreneurs. In P.D. Reynolds , W.D. Bygrave , N.M. Carter , P. Davidsson , W.B. Gartner , C.M. Mason , & P.P. McDougall (Eds.), Frontiers of entrepreneurship research (pp. 168182). Babson Park, MA: Babson College.
  • Hitt, M.A., & Barr, S.H. (1989). Managerial selection decision models: Examination of configural cue processing. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 5361.
  • Hmieleski, K.M., & Baron, R.A. (2009). Entrepreneurs’ optimism and new venture performance: A social cognitive perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 52, 473488.
  • Hoffman, K., Parejo, M., Bessant, J., & Perren, L. (1998). Small firms, R&D, technology and innovation in the UK: A literature review. Technovation, 18, 3955.
  • Jaccard, J., Wan, C.K., & Turrisi, R. (1990). The detection and interpretation of interaction effects between continuous variables in multiple regression. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 25, 467478.
  • Kaish, S., & Gilad, B. (1991). Characteristics of opportunities search of entrepreneurs versus executives: Sources, interests, general alertness. Journal of Business Venturing, 6, 4561.
  • Keh, H.T., Nguyen, T.T.M., & Ng, H.P. (2007). The effects of entrepreneurial orientation and marketing information on the performance of SMEs. Journal of Business Venturing, 22, 592611.
  • Kirchhoff, B.A. (1991). Entrepreneurship's contribution to economics. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 16, 93112.
  • Kirzner, I.M. (1979). Perception, opportunity, and profit. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
  • Kirzner, I.M. (1997). Entrepreneurial discovery and the competitive market process: An Austrian approach. Journal of Economic Literature, 35, 6085.
  • Kirzner, I.M. (2009). The alert and creative entrepreneur: A clarification. Small Business Economics, 32, 145152.
  • Kolb, D.A. (1984). Experiential learning: Experience as the source of learning and development. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Lord, R.G., & Maher, K.J. (1990). Alternative information-processing models and their implications for theory, research, and practice. Academy of Management Review, 15, 928.
  • Lybaert, N. (1998). The information use in a SME: Its importance and some elements of influence. Small Business Economics, 10, 171191.
  • Maas, G., & Herrington, M. (2008). Global Entrepreneurship Monitor South African Report 2007. Cape Town, South Africa: UCT Graduate School of Business.
  • McClelland, G.H., & Judd, C.M. (1993). Statistical difficulties of detecting interactions and moderator effects. Psychological Bulletin, 114, 376390.
  • McMullen, J.S., & Shepherd, D.A. (2006). Entrepreneurial action and the role of uncertainty in the theory of the entrepreneur. Academy of Management Review, 31, 132152.
  • Mead, D.C., & Liedholm, C. (1998). The dynamics of micro and small enterprises in developing countries. World Development, 26, 6174.
  • Minniti, M., & Bygrave, W. (2001). A dynamic model of entrepreneurial learning. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 25(3), 516.
  • Mitchell, R.K., Busenitz, L.W., Bird, B., Gaglio, C.M., McMullen, J.S., Morse, E.A., & Smith, J.B. (2007). The central question in entrepreneurial cognition research 2007. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31, 127.
  • Mitchell, R.K., Busenitz, L.W., Lant, T., McDougall, P.P., Morse, E.A., & Smith, J.B. (2002). Toward a theory of entrepreneurial cognition: Rethinking the people side of entrepreneurship research. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 27, 93104.
  • Mitchell, R.K., Smith, J.B., Seawright, K.W., & Morse, E.A. (2000). Cross-cultural cognitions and the venture creation decision. Academy of Management Journal, 43, 974993.
  • Mueller, P. (2007). Exploiting entrepreneurial opportunities: The impact of entrepreneurship on growth. Small Business Economics, 28, 355362.
  • Mumford, M.D. (2003). Where have we been, where are we going? Taking stock in creativity research. Creativity Research Journal, 15, 107120.
  • Mumford, M.D., & Gustafson, S.B. (1988). Creativity syndrome: Integration, application, and innovation. Psychological Bulletin, 103, 2743.
  • Mumford, M.D., Marks, M.A., Connelly, M.S., Zaccaro, S.J., & Johnson, J.F. (1998). Domain-based scoring of divergent-thinking tests: Validation evidence in an occupational sample. Creativity Research Journal, 11, 151163.
  • Mumford, M.D., Mobley, M.I., Uhlman, C.E., Reiter-Palmon, R., & Doares, L.M. (1991). Process analytic models of creative capacities. Creativity Research Journal, 4, 91122.
  • Neisser, U., Boodoo, G., Bouchard, T.J., Boykin, A.W., Brody, N., Ceci, S.J., Halpern, D.F., Loehlin, J.C., Perloff, R., Sternberg, R.J., & Urbina, S. (1996). Intelligence: Knowns and unknowns. American Psychologist, 51, 77101.
  • Nelson, R.E., & Johnson, S.D. (1997). Entrepreneurship education as a strategic approach to economic growth in Kenya. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 35, 721.
  • Nkirina, S.P. (2010). The challenges of integrating entrepreneurship education in the vocational training system: An insight from Tanzania's Vocational Education Training Authority. Journal of European Industrial Training, 34, 153166.
  • Parker, S.C. (2006). Learning about the unknown: How fast do entrepreneurs adjust their beliefs? Journal of Business Venturing, 21, 126.
  • Perttula, M., & Sipila, P. (2007). The idea exposure paradigm in design idea generation. Journal of Engineering Design, 18, 93102.
  • Podsakoff, P.M., MacKenzie, S.B., Lee, J.Y., & Podsakoff, N.P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879903.
  • Politis, D. (2005). The process of entrepreneurial learning: A conceptual framework. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29, 399424.
  • Porter, M.E. (1980). Competitive strategy. New York: Free Press.
  • Preacher, K.J., Rucker, D.D., & Hayes, A.F. (2007). Addressing moderated mediation hypotheses: Theory, methods, and prescriptions. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 42, 185227.
  • Rae, D., & Carswell, M. (2000). Using a life-story approach in researching entrepreneurial learning: The development of a conceptual model and its implications in the design of learning experiences. Education and Training, 42, 220227.
  • Rauch, A., & Frese, M. (2007). Let's put the person back into entrepreneurship research: A meta-analysis on the relationship between business owners’ personality traits, business creation, and success. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 16, 353385.
  • Rerup, C. (2005). Learning from past experience: Footnotes on mindfulness and habitual entrepreneurship. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 21, 451472.
  • Reuber, A.R., & Fischer, E.M. (1999). Understanding the consequences of founders’ experience. Journal of Small Business Management, 37(2), 3045.
  • Rogerson, C.M. (2000). Emerging from apartheid's shadow: South Africa's informal economy. Journal of International Affairs, 53, 673695.
  • Romijn, H., & Albaladejo, M. (2002). Determinants of innovation capability in small electronics and software firms in southeast England. Research Policy, 31, 10531067.
  • Rosenbusch, N., Brinckmann, J., & Bausch, A. (2011). Is innovation always beneficial? A meta-analysis of the relationship between innovation and performance in SMEs. Journal of Business Venturing, 26, 441457.
  • Rosenbusch, N., Rauch, A., & Bausch, A. (in press). The mediating role of entrepreneurial orientation in the task environment–performance relationship: A meta-analysis. Journal of Management.
  • Runco, M.A. (2004). Creativity. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 657687.
  • Runco, M.A., & Chand, I. (1995). Cognition and creativity. Educational Psychology Review, 7, 243267.
  • Runco, M.A., Dow, G., & Smith, W.R. (2006). Information, experience, and divergent thinking: An empirical test. Creativity Research Journal, 18, 269277.
  • Rushton, J.P., Skuy, M., & Ann Bons, T. (2004). Construct validity of Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices for African and non-African engineering students in South Africa. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 12, 220229.
  • Schriesheim, C.A., & DeNisi, A.S. (1981). Task dimensions as moderators of the effects of instrumental leadership: A two-sample replicated test of path-goal leadership theory. Journal of Applied Psychology, 66, 589597.
  • Shane, S. (2000). Prior knowledge and the discovery of entrepreneurial opportunities. Organization Science, 11, 448469.
  • Shane, S. (2003). A general theory of entrepreneurship: The individual–opportunity nexus. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Shane, S. (2009). Why encouraging more people to become entrepreneurs is bad public policy. Small Business Economics, 33, 141149.
  • Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25, 217226.
  • Shepherd, D.A., & DeTienne, D.R. (2005). Prior knowledge, potential financial reward, and opportunity identification. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29, 91112.
  • Shrout, P.E., & Fleiss, J.L. (1979). Intraclass correlations: Uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 420428.
  • Simonton, D.K. (1989). Chance-configuration theory of scientific creativity. In B. Gholson , W.R. Shadish Jr. , R.A. Neimeyer , & A.C. Houts (Eds.), Psychology of science: Contributions to metascience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Smith, J.B., Mitchell, J.R., & Mitchell, R.K. (2009). Entrepreneurial scripts and the new transaction commitment mindset: Extending the expert information processing theory approach to entrepreneurial cognition research. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33, 815844.
  • Song, M., Wang, T., & Parry, M.E. (2010). Do market information processes improve new venture performance? Journal of Business Venturing, 25, 556568.
  • Sonnentag, S. (1998). Expertise in professional software design: A process study. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 703715.
  • Statistics South Africa (2000). Measuring poverty in South Africa. Pretoria, South Africa: Statistics South Africa.
  • Statistics South Africa (2009). Quarterly Labour Force Survey: Quarter 1, 2009. Pretoria, South Africa: Statistics South Africa.
  • Sternberg, R.J. (2005). Creativity or creativities? International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 63, 370382.
  • Sternberg, R.J., & Kalmar, D.A. (1997). When will the milk spoil? Everyday induction in human intelligence. Intelligence, 25, 185203.
  • Tang, J., Kacmar, K.M., & Busenitz, L.W. (2012). Entrepreneurial alertness in the pursuit of new opportunities. Journal of Business Venturing, 27, 7794.
  • Tesluk, P.E., & Jacobs, R.R. (1998). Toward an integrated model of work experience. Personnel Psychology, 51, 321355.
  • Thornhill, S. (2006). Knowledge, innovation and firm performance in high- and low-technology regimes. Journal of Business Venturing, 21, 687703.
  • Ucbasaran, D., Westhead, P., & Wright, M. (2008). Opportunity identification and pursuit: Does an entrepreneur's human capital matter? Small Business Economics, 30, 153173.
  • Ucbasaran, D., Westhead, P., & Wright, M. (2009). The extent and nature of opportunity identification by experienced entrepreneurs. Journal of Business Venturing, 24, 99115.
  • Unger, J.M., Keith, N., Hilling, C., Gielnik, M.M., & Frese, M. (2009). Deliberate practice among South African small business owners: Relationships with education, cognitive ability, knowledge, and success. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 82, 2144.
  • Vaghely, I.P., & Julien, P.A. (2010). Are opportunities recognized or constructed? An information perspective on entrepreneurial opportunity identification. Journal of Business Venturing, 25, 7386.
  • van Praag, C.M., & Cramer, J.S. (2001). The roots of entrepreneurship and labour demand: Individual ability and low risk aversion. Economica, 68(269), 4562.
  • van Praag, C.M., & Versloot, P.H. (2007). What is the value of entrepreneurship? A review of recent research. Small Business Economics, 29, 351382.
  • Vincent, A.S., Decker, B.P., & Mumford, M.D. (2002). Divergent thinking, intelligence, and expertise: A test of alternative models. Creativity Research Journal, 14, 163178.
  • Walsh, J.P. (1995). Managerial and organizational cognition: Notes from a trip down memory lane. Organization Science, 6, 280321.
  • Wanous, J.P., Reichers, A.E., & Hudy, M.J. (1997). Overall job satisfaction: How good are single-item measures? Journal of Applied Psychology, 82, 247252.
  • Ward, T.B. (2004). Cognition, creativity, and entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 19, 173188.
  • Ward, T.B. (2007). Creative cognition as a window on creativity. Methods, 42, 2837.
  • Ward, T.B., Smith, S.M., & Finke, R.A. (1999). Creative cognition. In R.J. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of creativity (pp. 189212). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Welling, H. (2007). Four mental operations in creative cognition: The importance of abstraction. Creativity Research Journal, 19, 163177.
  • Westhead, P., Ucbasaran, D., & Wright, M. (2009). Information search and opportunity identification: The importance of prior business ownership experience. International Small Business Journal, 27, 659677.
  • Wiklund, J., Davidsson, P., & Delmar, F. (2003). What do they think and feel about growth? An expectancy-value approach to small business managers’ attitudes toward growth. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 27, 247270.
  • Woodman, R.W., & Schoenfeldt, L.F. (1990). An interactionist model of creative behavior. Journal of Creative Behavior, 24, 279290.
  • Wright, M., Robbie, K., & Ennew, C. (1997). Serial entrepreneurs. British Journal of Management, 8, 251268.
  • Zapf, D., Dormann, C., & Frese, M. (1996). Longitudinal studies in organizational stress research: A review of the literature with reference to methodological issues. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 1, 145169.
  • Zhou, J. (2008). New look at creativity in the entrepreneurial process. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 2, 15.