Summary— Fifty-two male patients were studied prospectively to assess the results of direct vision urethrotomy in the treatment of urethral strictures. The prognosis was found to be significantly worse in those patients who had received extensive previous treatment. A catheter is recommended for at least 3 days and for 4 weeks in patients who have had minimal previous treatment or who have impaired detrusor function. The use of a urine flowmeter is essential for determining the success of treatment and stricture recurrence. Measurement of the recurrence-free period is important for assessing progressive improvement following repeat urethrotomy and for determining which patients cannot be cured by direct vision urethrotomy.