Research Fellow, Bristol Royal Infirmary.
The Fate of the Human Testes Following Unilateral Torsion of the Spermatic Cord
Article first published online: 21 NOV 2008
British Journal of Urology
Volume 58, Issue 6, pages 698–704, December 1986
How to Cite
ANDERSON, J. B. and WILLIAMSON, R. C. N. (1986), The Fate of the Human Testes Following Unilateral Torsion of the Spermatic Cord. British Journal of Urology, 58: 698–704. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.1986.tb05916.x
- Issue published online: 21 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 21 NOV 2008
Summary— In an attempt to explain the oligozoospermia commonly observed after unilateral testicular torsion, 56 patients with acute torsion were investigated prospectively. Blood was taken pre-operatively for antibody studies and a contralateral testicular biopsy was performed at the time of orchiopexy. At review 3 to 6 months post-operatively, late testicular atrophy was assessed and repeat antibody studies were performed together with a hormone profile and seminal analysis. Although the duration of torsion showed a close correlation with the degree of testicular atrophy (P < 0.001), no such association could be demonstrated between duration of torsion and subsequent sperm concentration. Twenty of 35 patients had histological evidence of a pre-existing partial maturation arrest in spermatogenesis. Fifteen of 19 with the abnormality were oligozoospermic, while all of those with normal testicular histology had a sperm concentration within the normal range. Anti-sperm antibody formation following torsion was minimal and anti-testis antibodies were absent. Testes prone to torsion already show impaired spermatogenesis.